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2018成考专升本英语试题全国卷

更新时间:2017-12-31 来自:广州成考网 广州成考网:资讯更全面,成考更专业

导读:2018成考专升本英语试题全国卷。

  Ⅰ.phonetics (5 points)

  Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underline letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C, and D. Compare the underline parts and identify the one that is different form the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  1. A. come B. some C. move D. love

  2. A. honor B. house C. horror D.heel

  3. A. thief B. think C. theory D.these

  4. A. now B. how C. allow D.windows

  5. A. meat B. dead C. cream D.steal

 

  Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)

  Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blackenthe corresponding letter one the Answer Sheet.

  6.We asked both John and Jerry, but ____ could offer asatisfactory explanation.

  A. neither B. either C. both D. nor

  7.I’d like to find someone ____ I can discuss such a problem.

  A. who B. whom C. with whom D.to whom

  8.The baby can’t even sit up yet, ____walk!

  A. don’t mention B. let alone C. other than D.rather than

  9.I did not notice that my dog was missing ____ a moment ago.

  A. before B. until C.to D. on

  10.The company director has informed us that we must ____department budget by 25%.

  A. cut down B. cut away C. cut off D. cut up

  11.Companies usually ____ a number of experiments before a new product is launched.

  A. practice B. control C. carry D. conduct

  12.I remembered that the air conditioners ____ turned off before I left home.

  A. were B. were to be C. had been D. have been

  13.--How do you like your new job?

  --Well, it is great ____ salary, but it does not offer much prospects for promotion.

  A.in charge of B.in terms of C.in case of D.infavor of

  14. In my opinion this is a(an) ____ different matter.

  A. entirely B. merely C. purely D. fully

  15.Take an umbrella with you in case it ____.

  A. many rain B. could rain C. rained D. rains

  16.The murderer was brought in, with his hands ____ behind his back.

  A.to have been tied B. having tied C.to be tied D.tied

  17.--Do you think Joshua is the right person for this job?

  --He is well-grounded in economic theory, but lacks ____ in production management.

  A. devotion B. attitude C. experience D. energy

  18.____ about it earlier, we could have warned people of the danger.

  A. Would we know B. Should we know C. Have we known D. Had we known

  19.It was ____ of you not to disturb these old people late last night.

  A. patient B. considerate C. deliberate D. modest

  20.--Hey, what do you think of his speech last night?

  --I have no idea. I arrived ____ find that he had almostfinished it.

  A.in order to B.so as to C. only to D. ready to

 

  Ⅲ.Close(30 points)

  Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  What is music? Music is sound arranged into pleasing or interesting __21__.It is part of every culture on Earth. People use music to _22_ feelings and ideas. Music also serves to entertain and relax.

  Music is a performing art. It _23_ form such arts as painting and poetry, In which arts _24_ works and then display or publish them. Musical composers need musicians to _25_ and perform their works._26_ most musical performances are really co-operations between composers and performers.

  Music also plays a major role in other arts. Opera _27_ singing and music with drama. Ballet and other forms of dancing need music to help the dancers _28_ their steps. Motion pictures use music to help set the mood as well as introduce the actions or enhance its _29_ on the audience.

  Music is one of the _30_ arts. People probably started to sing to as soon as _31_ developed. Hunting tools struck together may have been the first musical _32_.By about 10,000 B. C , hollow bones had been used by _33_ people to make flutes. The first written music dates from about 2500 B.C.

  There are two chief kinds of western music, classical and popular. Symphonies, operas, and ballet are _34_music.It is generally harder to write and perform. Musicians who perform it need a lot of training. Popular music _35_ country music, folk music, jazz, and rock music. It is easier to perform andunderstand.

  21. A. models B. types C. styles D.patterns

  22. A. express B. explore C. cover D.test

  23. A. results B. develops C. differs D.separates

  24. A. discover B. develops C. differs D.separates

  25. A. adapt B. interpret C. follow D.complete

  26. A. thus B. however C. besides D. and

  27. A. joins B. associates C. connects D.combines

  28. A. with B. for C. after D.upon

  29. A. force B. effect C. influence D.impact

  30. A. greatest B. easiest C. oldest D.best

  31. A. agriculture B. society C. humanity D.language

  32. A. performers B. events C. instruments D.notes

  33. A. precious B. old C. early D.ancient

  34. A. light B. background C. classical D.experimental

  35. A. accepts B. includes C. explains D.illustrates

  Ⅳ.Reading Comprehension(60 points)

  Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage one

  What do you use to get around town? A cat? A bike? Your feet? Perhaps you should try a Segway!

  The Segway is perfect for short journey. It is an electric vehicle that consists of a platform between two wheels, with a pole that connects the platform to the handlebars. To ride it, you step up onto the platform, and control the Segway by moving your body. Lean forwards to go faster, and backwards to slow down.

  On older models, direction is controlled by a twist grip(扭转把手)on the left handlebar. This varies the speeds between the two motors, a decrease in the seed of the left wheel would turn the Segway to the left. With never models you simply lean to the left or right. Meanwhile, a gyroscope(陀螺仪)detects your movements and prevents the machine form falling over. The Segway has a maximum speed of 19 km per hour and a range of about 38 km. After that, you need to plug it in and recharge the battery.

  Segways are used for a variety of purposes. People with mobility problems can now enjoy walks in the country with theirfriends and family. Some golfers use them as an alternative to the golf cart. And dog owners now have an easier way to take the dog to the park. A few police forces use Segways, too. They allow officers to move quickly whilst maintaining contact with the public. They are also becoming a common sight on airport. However, the most popular use is in tourism, particularly for city tours. Visit any major tourist city in summer, sit outside a cafe for a while and there is a good chance you will see a group of tourists passing on Segways.

  36.What is the Segway according to this passage?

  A. A pole that connects two handlebars.

  B.A newly appeared public traffic vehicle.

  C. A bicycle with a platform between two wheels.

  D. An electric two-wheeled vehicle for short trips.

  37.How do you turn to the left on Segways of newer models?

  A.Lean to the left

  B.Adjust the twist grip

  C.Press the left bar

  D.Control the gyroscope

  38.How far can you travel on a Segway at most?

  A..Less than 19 km

  B..About 19 km

  C. About 38 km

  D.More than 38 km

  39.The last paragraph focuses on ____?

  A.What a Segway is like

  B.Where to find a Segway

  C. How to control a Segway

  D. When a Segway is useful

  Passage Two

  Nancy Bright and her husband John had been working overtime and saving for a long time so that they could pay the advance for Nancy’s dream house. Today was the day that they had enough money in hand to make a down payment on the house. But the real estate (房地产) agent informed them that she had received another offer for the house. Although the other offer was slightly less than that of Nancy and John’s, that person with the new offer was willing to pay the whole amount at once .The owner, in urgent need of money, wanted to accept the second offer.

  Nancy and John looked at each other with disappointed looks. They walked back home feeling very low about having lost the house. Soon they recovered and involved themselves into their daily lives, though once in a while Nancy would sink into a mild depression over losing the house.

  One day Nancy woke up in the morning feeling even lower than usual. She kept feeling sick, even lost interest in her routine coffee. She pull all these symptoms down to the stress of working hard and losing her dream house. A week passed and she seemed to get worse. John was worried and insisted on taking her to the doctor. The doctor, after taking a few tests, informed them with a huge smile that Nancy was two months pregnant! John and Nancy were overjoyed but also worried about not having their own house before the baby was born.

  One evening Nancy wandered into the street where her dream house was, and as she passed by it, she was surprised to see that there were notices stuck on all the house. On closer examination she found that the notices were for all the residents to move out of the house as they were building a highway and the whole row of the houses needed to be pulled down. Nancy suddenly realized that not getting her dream house had been a blessing in disguise. She thanked God and decided to be happy with the blessings she had and started looking forward to the birth of her child.

  40.Why did Nancy and her husband lose their dream house?

  A.They couldn’t pay the whole amount for the house at once.

  B.Someone else offered more money for the house.

  C.They couldn’t afford the advance for the house.

  D.The house owner decided not to sell the house.

  41.How did they feel after they lost their dream house?

  A.They felt sorry and hardly recovered.

  B.They felt relieved but with little regent.

  C.They enjoyed their daily lives all the same.

  D.They were depressed but tried to adjust themselves.

  42.What did Nancy find about the house one day?

  A.It would be on sale again.

  B.It would be pulled down.

  C.It had been redecorated.

  D.It had been emptied.

  43.What does the phrase “a blessing in disguise” in the last paragraph mean?

  A.A good luck

  B.A dirty trick

  C.A secret wish

  D.A false alarm

  Passage Three

  Most of the guests who come on our trips have never been to Egypt before. We want to make everyone comfortable and at ease, but we do always get the same question in advance of a trip. So here I will give you some travel tips.

  What should I wear?

  If you are lucky enough to visit Egypt between November and February, pack a sweater. You’ll need it --the desert gets chilly at night.. During the day, the temperature will be agreeable and comfortable. Any other time, pack as if you are going to phoenix or Vegas in August. For the ladies bathing suits are normal if there’s a pool where you’re going, but leave the string bikini at home --it is a Muslim country, after all. Last, if you’re planning on visiting any mosques or certain parts of upper Egypt, ladies will need to plan on bringing something that comes at least to the elbows, and no shorts for men or women in those areas.

  What special things do I need to pack?

  One of my favorite things in the world to bring to Egypt is an Evian Mister, a sprayer with a fine mist of Evian water. You may be able to find it in your local drug store. Spray a little on your face or head, and your body temperature will feel like it’s dropped 10 to 15 degrees. Other items include your camera, sun block and extra batteries.

  How do I communicate with home?

  Internet cafes are plentiful everywhere, especially in Cairo, Luxor, and Alexandria. If you have international calling on your phone, you should be able to use it----AT&T and sprint both work internationally for sure, but may sure you have the international coverage. A satellite phone is best if you are certain to need coverage in the middle of the country, like while sailing up the Nile, but for most people these days a cell phone is fine. What medical preparation do I need?

  In a word: none! The one thing you may come down with in Egypt is politely called “Pharoah’s Revenge” The thing that knocks out Pharoah’s Revenge is a regionally produced medicine ,and is available at every drugstore for $ 1 a box. DON’T drink local water, DO drink bottled water, avoid the skins of fresh vegetables, and you will be fine.

  44.What clothing is proper for ladies visiting a mosque?

  A.string bikinis

  B.Long-sleeve closes

  C.Bathing suits

  D.Shorts

  45.What’s the use of an Evian Mister?

  A.to relieve your thirst

  B.To prevent sunburns

  C.To cool yourself down

  D.To drive away insects

  46.What information is provided about distance communication?

  A.A cell phone is enough for most people.

  B.AT&T and sprint offer free service in Egypt.

  C.A satellite phone does not work in Mid-Egypt.

  D.Internet cafes are only available in big cities.

  47.What does “Pharoah’s Revenge” probably refer to in the last paragraph?

  A.A curse

  B.A legend

  C.Disease

  D.Vegetable

 

  Ⅴ.Daily Conversation (15 points)

  Direction: Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  A.I’m very pleased to be here B. Did you ever find each other

  C. But is was a miracle D.I remember you said you wanted to get a sweater

  E. It could even be a disaster F. Actually, I’ve got the list ready.

  G. Did you get anything H.I don’t want to talk about it anymore

  Mary: Well, Susan, how was your shopping trip with Nancy this afternoon?

  Susan: Don’t ask. _48 H

  Mary: What do you mean? Something went wrong?

  Susan: Went wrong? _49_ E ! Nancy thought I had said I would meet her at the department store at 2:30 when I really said 2:00.Then she thought we would meet at the main entrance in front when I really said at the east entrance on the Twelfth Street.

  Mary:_50_ B ?

  Susan: Yes! _51_ C I had given up waiting and went inside the women’s clothing department. So did she. Thus we met finally and it was 3:00 by then.

  Mary: Did you get what you wanted? _52_ D

  Susan: A blouse, as a matter of fact. But by that time, all those on sale were gong. So I settled for a skirt.

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