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2018年成人高考英语备考题第八篇

更新时间:2017-12-31 来自:广州成考网 广州成考网:资讯更全面,成考更专业

导读:英语备考题。

  一、语音知识

  1、

  A.births

  B.depths

  C.months

  D.mouths

 

 

  2、

  A.procession

  B.professor

  C.mission

  D.pressure

 

 

  3、

  A.modern

  B.surprise

  C.traveler

  D.German

 

 

  4、

  A.correct

  B.discover

  C.comfort

  D.come

 

  5、

  A.combine

  B.complain

  C.comprise

  D.Complex

 

  二、词汇与语法知识

  6、 Therefugees need many things, but _______, they need food and medicine.

  A.at most

  B.above all

  C.after all

  D.at thefirst

 

 

  7、 It is obvious that there are at least two vitamins.______ is soluble in fat; _____ is soluble in water.

  A.The one…the other

  B.One…the other

  C.One…another

  D.One…the another

 

 

  8、 The old in the country _______ taken good care of.

  A.have

  B.has

  C.is

  D.are

 

 

  9、 The fact ______ money orders can usually be easily cashed has made them a popular form of payment.

  A.of

  B.is that

  C.that

  D.which is

 

 

  10、 All _______is a continuous supply of the basic necessities of life.

  A.what isneeded

  B.for our needs

  C.the thingneeded

  D.that isneeded

 

 

  11、 On SundaysI prefer _______ at home to _______ out.

  A.to stay…go

  B.stay…going

  C.staying…going

  D.staying…go

 

 

  12、 I liked to play football when I was young.__

  A.So he was

  B.So was he

  C.So did he

  D.So he did

 

 

  13、 He is ______ to speak the truth.

  A.too much of a coward

  B.too much a coward

  C.so much a coward

  D.so much of a coward

 

 

  14、 He ______ when the bus came to a sudden stop.

  A.was almost hurt

  B.was to hurt himself

  C.was hurt himself

  D.was hurting himself

 

 

  15、Which is ______ country, the United States or Canada?

  A.a larger

  B.larger

  C.the larger

  D.the largest

 

 

  16、 It tookthem more than ten years to ______ the defensive works.

  A.build in

  B.build into

  C.build on

  D.build up

 

 

  17、 Grammarbooks here _______ well.

  A.are sold

  B.sell

  C.sells

  D.have beensold

 

 

  18、 Our boss told me my plan was still __ discussion.

  A.in

  B.under

  C.of

  D.with

 

 

  19、 __electrons are still smaller.

  A.As atoms small are

  B.As atoms smaller as

  C.Small as atoms are

  D.Smaller atoms as are

 

 

  20、 We should look ______ the matter before we reach a conclusion.

  A.into

  B.for

  C.to

  D.At

 

  三、Cloze(30 points)

  21、根据以下内容,回答21-40题。

  Investors can _51_ money simply by loaning it.The money they loan is called capital.Security (担保) is an expensive item which the borrower mortgages (抵押) to the investor to show that he intends to _52_ the debt.The way investors make money on loans is to charge interest.Interest is money that _53_ pay to investors for the use of their money.Interest is usually a certain percentage of the capital.Investors sometimes _54 ten percent or more interest per year.The interest may be calculated daily, monthly, or yearly.The interest must be _55_ before the capital can be repaid.If the interest is not _56_ the agreed rate, the interest is added _57_ the capital.Then the borrower has _58_ pay interest on the unpaid interest _59_ on the capital.A debt can grow quickly this way.If the total of the capital and accumulated interest gets too high, the investor will take _60_ of the item used as security and sell it to get his money back.

  __________

  A.get

  B.make

  C.have

  D.carry

 

 

  22、 __________

  A.repay

  B.leave

  C.get

  D.give

 

 

  23、 __________

  A.borrowers

  B.lenders

  C.peoples

  D.others

 

 

  24、 __________

  A.cost

  B.ask

  C.charge

  D.change

 

 

  25、 __________

  A.by day

  B.by the day

  C.every day

  D.daily

 

 

  26、 __________

  A.paid

  B.to be paid

  C.pay

  D.paying

 

 

  27、 __________

  A.on

  B.to

  C.for

  D.with

 

 

  28、 __________

  A.to

  B.on

  C.into

  D.onto

 

 

  29、 __________

  A.or

  B.also

  C.but also

  D.as well as

 

 

  30、 __________

  A.the place

  B.possession

  C.turn

  D.Care

  31、根据以下内容,回答31-50题。

  Insure means to protect _51_ a loss of money.Most people can budget their money so that their income will cover expected expenses _52_ food, clothing, housing, and public services.But, there is no way to know _53_ who will suffer a crisis (危机) such as a serious illness, fire, flood, or a car accident.Such crises usually _54_ great expense.Even if people could predict crises, it would be hard to save enough money to _55_ the expenses.Insurance is a system _56_ a company collects money from many individuals and then pays certain expenses whenever one of those insured individuals is faced with a certain crisis.An insurance policy _57_ how much the insurance costs and how much the company will pay when a policy holder is faced with a certain crisis.There are many different kinds of insurance, _58_ hospital, motor-car and fire.Insurance can be rather expensive but most people buy insurance of some kin

  D.Insurance is something _59_ people buy and hope they will _60_ need.

  _________

  A.for

  B.from

  C.against

  D.with

 

  32、 _________

  A.such as

  B.for example

  C.that

  D.the same as

 

 

  33、 _________

  A.predict

  B.ahead

  C.in advance

  D.earlier

 

 

  34、 _________

  A.result from

  B.make

  C.take

  D.result in

 

 

  35、 _________

  A.cover

  B.pay back

  C.fill

  D.make full

 

 

  36、 _________

  A.that

  B.by which

  C.what

  D.where

 

 

  37、 _________

  A.said

  B.agree

  C.make sure

  D.states

 

 

  38、 _________

  A.include

  B.including

  C.as well as

  D.also

 

 

  39、 ________

  A.which

  B.that

  C.as

  D.like

 

 

  40、 _________

  A.never

  B.ever

  C.sometimes

  D.Often

 

  四、Reading Comprehension(60 points)

  41、根据以下内容,回答41-60题。

  The energy which the sun radiates goes in every direction, and only a minute part of it falls on the earth.Even so, it represents power of about 5,000,000 horsepower (马力) per square mile per day; the sun gives us as much energy every miunte as mankind utilizes in a year.At present, we use this energy indirectly, and it is our final source of power.Coal represents the chemical action of the sun on green plants thousands of years ago.Water power results from the rain formed by vapor which comes from the evaporation of water under the sunshine.Even windmills operate because of air currents set in motion by the different heating affects of the sun in different places.Some day, through chemistry or some type of solar engine, we shall harness this great source of energy more directly.Already a scientist has worked out an engine, surprisingly efficient, in which the sun’s rays are concentrated through mirrors on a tube of water to create steam.

  How much energy given off by the sun reaches the earth?

  A.100% but indirectly.

  B.5%.

  C.50%.

  D.only a very tiny amount.

 

 

  42、 The reason why all the solar energy falling on the earth can’t be utilized is that ______.

  A.only a very small part is available

  B.the sun is too distant from the earth

  C.it takes thousands of years for this energy to be stored up in coal and oil

  D.our scientific knowledge is not sufficient

 

 

  43、 Which of the following statements is NOT true?

  A.Even windmill’s action depends on the sun.

  B.The sun produces enormous energy for man to make use of.

  C.Some day man will be able to utilize 100% of the solar energy that gets to the earth.

  D.The sun produces different heating effects in different places.

 

 

  44、 In order to support this argument, the writer gives the example that _______.

  A.a machine using solar energy efficiently has already been developed

  B.the sun is our final source of power

  C.man uses only a tiny part of the sun’s energy

  D.the part of the sun’s energy we use is used indirectly

 

 

  45、 This passage centers mainly on ________.

  A.harnessing energy through chemistry

  B.our last source of power

  C.how water power is produced

  D.the amount of solar energy that can be utilized

 

  46、根据以下内容,回答46-65题。

  The large part which war played in English affairs in the Middle-Ages, the fact that the control of the army and navy was in the hands of those that spoke French, and the circumstances that much of English fighting was done in France all resulted in the introduction into English of a number of French military terms.The art of war has undergone such changes since the battles of Hastings, Lewes, and Agincourt that many words once common are now only in historical use.Their places have been taken by later borrowings, often like wise from French, many of them being words acquired by the French in the course of their wars in Italy during the sixteenth century.Yet we still use French words of the Middle Ages when we speak of the army and the navy, of peace, enemy, battle, soldier, guard and spy, and we have kept the names of officers such as captain and sergeant.Some of the French terms were introduced into English because they were needed to express a new object or a new idea.In other cases a French and a native English word for the same thing existed side by side.Sometimes one or the other has since been lost from the language; but sometimes both the borrowed and the native word have been still in common use.

  The main idea of this passage is that ______.

  A.most of today’s common English military terms dated from the sixteenth century or later

  B.a study of the English vocabulary shows the important part which war has played in the history of England

  C.many French words borrowed into English during the Middle Ages have since disappeared from the language

  D.many military terms used in English were originally borrowed from French, some as early as the Middle Ages

 

 

  47、 All of the following have something to do with the introduction into English of many French military terms except that _______.

  A.war played an important part in English affairs in the Middle Ages

  B.the English army and navy were controlled by those who spoke French in the war between England and France

  C.France invaded England in the Middle Ages and many battles were fought in England

  D.much of English fighting was done in France in the war between England and France

 

 

  48、 The art of war has undergone such changes that _______.

  A.we no longer use any French words of the Middle Ages

  B.many words once common are not used any longer and they are replaced by Italian words

  C.French military terms have disappeared from the English language

  D.many words once common are now only in historical use and their places have been taken by the newly-borrowed words

 

 

  49、 Which of the following is not the French word borrowed into English during the Middle Ages?

  A.sergeant

  B.battle

  C.spy

  D.fight

 

 

  50、 The writer takes the words “battle” and “fight” as an example to show______.

  A.French words are needed to express something new

  B.a French and a native word for the same thing have been still in common use side by side

  C.French word or the other has been lost from the English language

  D.“battle” is the borrowed word and “fight” is the native one

  51、根据以下内容,回答51-70题。

  Researchers have found that REM (rapid eye movement) sleep is important to human beings.This type of sleep generally occurs four or five times during one night of sleep lasting five minutes to forty minutes for each occurrence.The deeper a person’s sleep becomes, the longer the periods of rapid eye movement.

  There are physical charges in the body to show that a person has changed from NREM (non-rapid eye movement) to REM sleep.Breathing becomes faster, the heart rate increases, and, as the name implies, the eyes begin to move quickly.

  Accompanying these physical changes in the body is a very important characteristic of REM sleep.It is during REM sleep that a person dreams.

  According to the passage, how often does REM sleep occur in one night?

  A.Once

  B.Twice

  C.Four of five times

  D.Forty times

 

 

  52、 The word “deeper” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

  A.heavier.

  B.louder.

  C.stronger.

  D.happier.

 

 

  53、 Which of the following shows that a person is NOT dreaming in his sleep?

  A.His eyes begin to move.

  B.His breathing becomes faster.

  C.His heart rate increases.

  D.His eyes stop moving.

 

 

  54、 The subject of this passage is ________.

  A.why people sleep

  B.the human need for REM sleep

  C.the characteristic of REM sleep

  D.physical changes in the human body

 

 

  55、 Which of the following is the best title of the article?

  A.REM Sleep

  B.Two Types of Sleep

  C.Sleepers

  D.What Happens to Sleepers

 

 

  56、根据以下内容,回答56-75题。

  Are you aware that you actually possess six senses? The sixth is a muscular sense responsible for directing your muscles intelligently to the exact extent necessary for each action you perform.For example, when you reach for an object, the sensory nerves linking the muscles to the brain stop your hand at the correct spot.This automatic perception of the position of your muscles in relation to the object is your muscular sense in action.

  Muscles are stringly bundles of fibers varying from one five-thousandth of an inch to about three inches.They have three unique characteristics, they can become shorter and thicker; they can stretch; and they can retract to their original positions.Under a high-powered microscope, muscle tissue is seen as long, slender cells with a grainy texture like wood.

  More than half of a person’s body is composed of muscle fibers, most of which are involuntary-in other words, work without conscious direction.The voluntary muscles, those that we move consciously to perform particular actions, number more than five hundred.Women have only 60 to 70 percent as much muscle as men for their body mass.That is why an average woman can’t lift as much, throw as far, or hit as hard as an average man.

  According to the selection, the muscular sense is responsible for ______.

  A.the efficiency of our muscles

  B.the normal breathing function

  C.directing our muscles intelligently

  D.the work of only our involuntary muscles

 

 

  57、 Intelligent use of the muscles means that ________.

  A.one always knows what his muscles are doing

  B.one performs simple actions whithout working

  C.one’s muscles are used only to the extent necessary for each action they perform

  D.one improves muscular action consciously

 

 

  58、 Muscles are unique fibers because, they can ________.

  A.contract

  B.stretch

  C.retract

  D.do all of the above

 

 

  59、 Under a microscope, muscle cells appear to be _______.

  A.textured like wood

  B.colored like wood

  C.smooth and red

  D.short and thick

 

 

  60、 According to the selection more than half of a person’s body is composed of ______.

  A.voluntary muscles

  B.involuntary muscles

  C.muscle fibers

  D.sensory nerves

 

  五、Daily Conversation(15 points)

  61、根据以下资料,回答61-65题。

  

 

广州成考网

  Eloise: What are you doing this weekend?

  

 

广州成考网

  请在第_____处填上正确答案。

 

 

  62、请在第_____处填上正确答案。

 

 

  63、请在第_____处填上正确答案。

 

 

  64、请在第_____处填上正确答案。

 

 

  65、请在第_____处填上正确答案

 

  六、Writing(25 points)

  66、For this part, you are allowed 20 minutes to write a short composition of about 80 words on the title: The Bicycle in China.Base your composition on the outline given below.

  1.在中国,自行车是最为流行的交通工具。

  2.骑自行车有许多好处。

  3.自行车的未来……

 

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