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2018年成人高考英语备考题第九篇

更新时间:2017-12-31 来自:广州成考网 广州成考网:资讯更全面,成考更专业

导读:英语备考题。

   一、语音知识

  1、

  A.function

  B.answer

  C.brunch

  D.Atlantic

  2、

  A.insure

  B.leisure

  C.measure

  D.pleasure

  3、

  A.chase

  B.coarse

  C.choose

  D.course

  4、

  A.trouuble

  B.touuch

  C.young

  D.houuse 

  5、

  A.one

  B.son

  C.alone

  D.Front

  二、词汇与语法知识

  6、He made it a rule never________late.

  A.get up

  B.got up

  C.to get up

  D.gotten up

  7、 In architecture(建筑学),a vault(拱顶)is a proof or ceiling in the_______of an arch.

  A.form

  B.figure

  C.shape

  D.appearance

  8、 Leaving the market place,the fat mail looked pleased_______himself_______

  having discovered a bargain.

  A.at.for

  B.at,at

  C.with,for

  D.with,at

  9、 Hawthorne differed from other writers_______he saw the potential consequences of all decisions resulting in either regeneration or punishment.

  A.in what

  B.in that

  C.in which

  D.in how

  10、 Since you need to catch an early train tomorrow morning,we________now.

  A.might as well leave

  B.had better to leave

  C.ought to have leave

  D.should have to leave

  11、 -We didn’t see him at the lecture yesterday.

  -He________it.

  A.would have not attended

  B.can not have attended

  C.needn’t have attended

  D.mustn’t attend

  12、 During the Ice Ages,man developed the use of tools,and this is a way of protecting himself against________.

  A.conflicts

  B.hazards

  C.faults

  D.shortcomings

  13、 The High Street is so narrow that the local government has decided to________it.

  A.increase

  B.lengthen

  C.widen

  D.extend

  14、 I don’t mind washing up but I hate to________the beds for the guests.

  A.put

  B.make

  C.arrange

  D.wash

  15、 The doctor suggests that a pemon________exercises every day if he wishes tobe healthy.

  A.does

  B.did

  C.do

  D.will do

  16、 _______it is to listen to music!

  A.What fun

  B.How a fun

  C.What a fun

  D.How fun

  17、 “What’S the matter with you,my dear?”

  “I feel my hean________fast.”

  A.jump

  B.jumping

  C.beat

  D.beating

  18、 Although he had stayed in that business for two years,_______he still wanted to switch to a different career.

  A.and

  B.but

  C.yet

  D.So

  19、 I knew more English,I_______for this position

  A.would apply

  B.will apply

  C.may have applied

  D.will have applied

  20、 The teacher had the monitor_______the papers.

  A.to hand out

  B.hand out

  C.hand down

  D.to hand down

  三、Cloze(30 points)

  21、根据短文,回答21-40题。

  Frank Lloyd Wright probably is the greatest architect that the United States has ever pro-duced.He was very____21____and had a natural ability____22____.His buildings were not onlybeautiful,but they were____23____ functional.They fit their purposes very well.Wright's churches,24 make people feel like____25____.His office buildings make people____26____ working,and hishouses make people____27____ comfortable,at home.However.Wright’S beautiful,____28____ buildingsare not the only reason____29____ he is famous.There is another reason.

  Frank Lloyd Wright is called the greatest American architect because he started an Ameri_can style ____30____ .Most of the architecture in the U.S.before Wright was really European,____31____.Wright’s buildings do not____32____old European buildings.They have their own____33____.Wright's ideas about style are still used in the U.S.and in other parts of the worhh.The most important idea in Frank Lloyd Wright's Style of Architecture is that a buildingmust34 and the land around it.His houses are often called“grassland houses’’becausetlleir lines are35 to the lines on the grass land.____36____the lines of the grassland and thelines of Wright's houses____37____.the homon,the place____38____earth and sky seem to meet.Theyare horizontal lines.Most European style houses,____39____,have many vertical lines that form 90°angles ___40___ the horizon.

  第21题答案为:

  A.conscious

  B.conceited

  C.talented

  D.content

  22、第22题答案为:

  A.to design building

  B.designing building

  C.having designed building

  D.to have designed building

  23、第23题答案为:

  A.still

  B.also

  C.yet

  D.however

  24、第24题答案为:

  A.nevertheless

  B.though

  C.however

  D.for example

  25、第25题答案为:

  A.thinking and praying

  B.thought and prayed

  C.thinking and reading

  D.to think and pray

  26、第26题答案为:

  A.enjoy

  B.finish

  C.feel

  D.assist

  27、第27题答案为:

  A.to feel

  B.feeling

  C.feel

  D.felt

  28、第28题答案为:

  A.Luxurious

  B.ample

  C.admiring

  D.functional

  29、第29题答案为:

  A.that

  B.which

  C.whether

  D.if

  30、第30题答案为:

  A.on design

  B.for people

  C.in architecture

  D.with buildings

  31、第31题答案为:

  A.especially Latie

  B.for example

  C.therefore

  D.not American

  32、第32题答案为:

  A.look like

  B.look over

  C.look through

  D.look up

  33、第33题答案为:

  A.house

  B.style

  C.mode

  D.form

  34、第34题答案为:

  A.satisfy its need

  B.have its use

  C.fit its purpose

  D.adapt to request

  35、第35题答案为:

  A.similar

  B.same

  C.equal

  D.superior

  36、第36题答案为:

  A.Most

  B.Both

  C.Either

  D.None

  37、第37题答案为:

  A.is key to

  B.is similar to

  C.is inferior to

  D.are parallel to

  38、第38题答案为:

  A.where

  B.that

  C.which

  D.how

  39、第39题答案为:

  A.on the eontrary

  B.in comparison

  C.though

  D.in contrast

  40、第40题答案为:

  A.with

  B.from

  C.through

  D.Into

  四、Reading Comprehension(60 points)

  41、根据下列短文,回答41-60题。

  A panel of government officials is worried.The air quality in some areas is not good.Theair is polluted with soot.The officials worry that the air is harmful to the people who breathethe air.The officials are expels.They study the environment.They diSCUSS ways to stop theair pollution.The panel decided to make,some changes to the law.

  The mew plan places strict limits on how much soot call be released into the air.Now,ameasurement of 65 parts of soot is considered safe.The new plan would reduce that number to30.The daily limit of pollution in the air would be cut in half.

  These new standards would affect industry.The limits would also affect people who ownwood stoves and fireplaces.The country will keep track of the air quality every day.Peoplewould be required to stop burning wood when the levels are high.They could also install a kindof special fireplace.These fireplaces burn very little wood.They do not pollute the air asmuch.Some countries will punish families who violate the ban.They will have to pay a fine fornot complying with the law.

  Some states do not have much industry.Their pollution problem is not too bad.Theywould stiU have to regulate how much pollution is released into the air.The experts hope thatthis ban will help keep the air cleaner.

  Before the plan becomes a law the public will have a chance to comment on it.Citizenswill have ninety days to ask questions and voice concerns about the plan.Then it will becomea law.

  The panel is made up of________.

  A.scientists

  B.homeowners

  C.citizens

  D.factory owners

  42、 How will the government know what the air quality is?

  A.The factories will test the air every day.

  B.Scientists will test it every day.

  C.A report will be publised.

  D.They will ask homeowners.

  43、 What will happen to residents if they don’t comply with the law?

  A.They will have to go to work in a factory.

  B.They will have to pay a fine.

  C.They will go to jajl for ninety days.

  D.The government will take away their woodstove

  44、 Why is the government asking for comments on the new rules?

  A.Because it is trying to fool people.

  B.Because it doesn’t know how to make rules.

  C.Because it wants to be nice.

  D.Because it wants to hear what the citizens have to say.

  45、根据下列短文,回答45-64题。

  There are various in which individual economic units Can interact with one another.Three basic ways may be described as the market system,the administered system and the traditional system.In a market system individual economic units are free to interact among each other in themarketplace.It is possible to buy commodities from other economic units or sell commodities tothem.In a market,transactions may take place via barter or money exchange.In a barter economy,real goods such as automobiles,shoes and pizzas are traded against each other.Obviously,finding somebody who wants to bade my old Car in exchange for a sailboat may not always bean easy task.Hence,the introduction of money as a medium of exchange eases transactions considerably.In the modern market economy,goods and services are bought or sold for money.

  An alternative to the market system is administrative control by some agency over all trans.actions.This agency will issue edicts or commands as to how much of each good and service should be produced,exchanged,and consumed by each economic unit.Central 01anaing may be one way of administering such an economy.The central plan,drawn up by the government,shows the amounts of each commodity produced by the various firms and allocated to differenthouseholds for consumption.This is an example of complete planing of production,consump—tion,and exchange for the whole economy.

  In a traditional society,production and consumption paUerns are governed by tradition:everyperson’S place within the economic system is fixed by parentage,religion and custom.     Transac—tions take place on the basis of tradition,too.People belonging to a certain group or caste mayhave an obligation to care for other persons,provide them with food and shelter,care for theirhealth,and provide for their education.Clearly,in a system where every decision is made on thebasis of tradition alone,progress may be difficult to achieve.A stagnant society may result.

  What is main purpose of the passage?

  A.To outline contrasting types of economy.

  B.To explain the science of economics.

  C.To argue for the superiority of one economics.

  D.To compare barter and money exchange markets.

  46、 In the second paragraph,the word“real”in“real goods”could best be replaced by which of the following?

  A.“high quality”

  B.“concrete”

  C.“utter”

  D.“authentic”

  47、 According to the passage,a barter economy can lead to__________.

  A.rapid speed of transaction

  B.misunderstanding

  C.inflation

  D.difficulties for the traders

  48、 According to the passage,who has the greatest degree of control in an administered system?

  A.Individual households.

  B.Small business.

  C.Major corporations.

  D.The government.

  49、根据下列短文,回答49-68题。

  Despite the fact that today viruses(病毒)are known to cause cancer in animals and incertain plants,there exists a great reluctance to accept viruses as being of importance in humancancer.Basic biological phenomena generally do not differ strikingly as one goes from one spe—cies to another.It should be recognized that cancer is a biological problem and not a problemthat is unique for man.Cancer originates when a normal cell suddenly becomes a cancer cellwhich multiplies widely and without apparent restraint.Cancer may originate in many differentkinds of cell,but the cancer cell usually continues to carry certain traits(特性)of the cell of origin.The transformation of a normal cell into a cancer cell may have more than one kind of cause.but there is good reason to consider the relationships that exist between viruses and cancer.

  Since there is no evidence that human cancer,as generally experienced,is infections,manypersons believe that because viruses are infections agents they cannot possibly be of importancein human cancer.However,viruses can mutate(突变)and examples are known in which a vi.rus that never kills its host can mutate to form a new strain of virus that always kills its host.Itdoes not seem unreasonable to assume that an innocuous(无害的)latent(潜伏的)virus mightmutate to form a strain that causes cancer.Certainly the experimental evidence now available isconsistent with the idea that viruses as we know them today,could be the causative(引起……的)agents of most,if not all cancer。including cancer in mall.

  Cancer should be considered to be a biological problem rather than a medical one because_________.

  A.viruses are known to cause cancer in animals

  B.at present,human cancer is not believed to be contagious(传染的)

  C.there are many known causes for the transformation of a normal cell to a cancer cell

  D.results of experiments on plants and animals do not vary greatly from species to species

  50、 The possibility that a virus causes human cancer is indicated by_________.

  A.the fact that viruses have been known to mutate

  B.the fact that a cancer.immune individual may lose his immunity

  C.the fact that production of human cancer cells might be due to a genetic factor

  D.the fact that man is host to many viruses

  51、 Many people believe that viruses cannot possibly be of importance in human cancer

  because_________.

  A.they are innocuous agencies

  B.they are the causative agents of most human cancer

  C.they seem to be infections to many people

  D.they are generally thought to be relevant to most cancer in mall

  52、 The best title for this passage is_________.

  A.New Light on the Cause of Cancer

  B.The Newest Theory on the Nature of Viruses

  C.Viruses and Cancer

  D.On the Nature of Life

  53、根据下列短文,回答53-72题。

  During the SUmmer session there will be a revised schedule of services for the universitycommunity.Specific changes for intercampus bus services,the cafeteria,and summer hours forthe infirmary(医务室)and recreational and athletic facilities will be posted on the bulletin 60 ard outside of the cafeteria.Weekly movie and concert schedules which are in the process ofbeing arranged will be posted each Wednesday outside of the cafeteria.

  Intercampus buses will leave the main hall every hour on the half hour and make all of theregular stoDs on their route around the campus.The cafeteria will serve breakfast,lunch,andearly dinner from 7 a.m.to 7 P.m.during the week and from noon to 7 P.m.on weekends.Thelibrary will maintain regular hours during the week,but shorter hours on Saturdays and Sun—days.The weekend hours are from noon t0 7 P.m..

  AU students who want to use the library borrowing services and the recreational,athletic,and entertainment facilities must have valid summer identification cards.This announcementwill also appear in the next issue of the student newspaper.

  Which of the following is the main purpose of this announcement?

  A.To tell campus personnel of the new library services.

  B.To announce the new movies on campus this summer.

  C.To notify university people of important schedule changes.

  D.To remind students to validate(使生效)their identification cards.

  54、 Specific schedule revisions for which of the following facilities are listed in this an nouncement?

  A.Athletic and recreational.

  B.Food and transportation.

  C.B00kstore and post office.

  D.Medical and audio-visual(视听的).

  55、 Times for movies and concerts are not listed in this announcement because________.

  A.a film or concert OCCUrs every Wednesday at 7 P.m.

  B.the full list would be too long

  C.films and concerts cannot be announced publicly

  D.the full list is not ready yet

  56、 According to the announcement,which of the following is true of special summer hours for the library?

  A.It has them only on the weekends.

  B.It has them beth weekdays and weekends.

  C.It has no special summer hours.

  D.This information iS not available.

  57、根据下列短文,回答57-76题。

  Table top magic requires no secret formula.Even the simplest meal will be received•withenthusiasm if the table accessories are creative and colorful.No matter what type of dinnerwareyou own.you call enhance its beauty with a variety of attractive table linens.

  When selecting a supply of tablecloths,place mats and napkins,choose easy-care or per-manentpress fabrics because these fabrics will reduce your workload when washday rolls a.round.Another consideration is the suitability of your hnens for your dining style or the types ofentertaining you d0.The shape of your table will also dictate the kind of tablecloth you pur-chase.Circular or rounded tables look best covered with round or oval tablecloths.Square-cor-nered tables require squares or rectangles.

  Finally,your table linens should complement your dinnerware.An elegant table settingrequires an elegant tablecloth.A setting of stoneware looks best with heavy of colorful fabrics.But sure to take all the necessary measurements before you start shopping for fabric fo yourchoice.It could be embarrassing if your tablecloths are not long enough to cover the tables.Itis equally distressing if your tablecloth is so long that your guests have to watch where theywalk.

  Linens should complement your dinnerware.The underlined word means

  A.be the same color as

  B.hide defects in

  C.go well with

  D.serve as a contrast to

  58、 The author suggests that you purchase table linens made of________.

  A.bleach-safe fabric

  B.preshrunk cloth

  C.easy-care material

  D.stain-resistant coRon

  59、 Which size tablecloth would you buy for a circular table which is 30 inches hish and 45 inches in diameter?

  A.45-inch round.

  B.50-inch round

  C.70-inch round

  D.120-inch round

  60、 From this passage,we can conclude that table top________.

  A.is important for meal service

  B.is a magic

  C.should be colorful

  D.should be made only by certain material

  五、Daily Conversation(15 points)

  61、 根据答案与题目,回答61-65题。

  A.I enjoy P.E.at school.

  B.I like basketball.

  C.What kind of movies do you like,then?

  D.Because it's excitinG.

  E.Frequency.It’s an action movie and it's interestinG.

  F.Oh,I like comedies,too.

  G.Sorry.I don’t.I want to go to a movIE.

  H:I don’t like watching movies.

  Dave:What sports do you like?Rita:i like basketball.

  Dave:Why do you like it?Rita:___61____

  Dave:Do you want to play it now?Rita:___62___

  Dave:What movie?Rita:___63___

  Dave:But I don't think S0.Action movies are usually boring and scary.Rita:___64___

  Dave:I like comedies.Rita:___65___

  六、Writing(25 points)

  66、Directions:

  For this part,you are allowed 20 minutes to write a short composition of about100—120 words on the title:Birth Contr01.Base your composition on the outline givenbelow in Chinese:

  1.每个人都对人口问题很关注。

  2.为什么会有巨大的人口增长呢?3.要改变环境,人们应采取措施。

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