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2018年成人高考英语备考题第十篇

更新时间:2017-12-31 来自:广州成考网 广州成考网:资讯更全面,成考更专业

导读:英语备考题。

  一、语音知识

  1、

  A.peace

  B.already

  C.jeans

  D.reason

 

 

  2、

  A.decision

  B.occasion

  C.invasion

  D.discussion

 

 

  3、

  A.anywhere

  B.here

  C.careful

  D.compare

 

 

  4、

  A.sword

  B.wrong

  C.answer

  D.weight

 

 

  5、

  A.balloon

  B.cook

  C.childhood

  D.Bedroom

 

  二、词汇与语法知识

  6、How can he do SO much work?He________stay late at the office every evening and take work home at weekends.

  A.must

  B.might

  C.can’t

  D.would

 

 

  7、 One thing he felt regret for was that he never had the________of heating him play the piano.

  A.occassion

  B.possibility

  C.opportunity

  D.chance

 

 

  8、 As the teacher has announced,________will be open thmorrow.

  A.the school

  B.SO school

  C.school

  D.SO the school

 

 

  9、 I prefer the climate in Kunming to_________in Wuhan.

  A.one

  B.those

  C.the one

  D.that

 

 

  10、 Mary saw her son_________the piano when she came to the room.

  A.playing

  B.play

  C.played

  D.to Cay

 

 

  11、 More than ten pereent of the workers_________from Italy,

  A.is

  B.come$

  C.Waft

  D.al'e

 

 

  12、 “Can you ask your neighbors for help?”

  “I'm afraid not.I_________know any of them.”

  A.hardly

  B.just

  C.seldom

  D.only

 

 

  13、 We wi]l not go to the party_________We are politely invited.

  A.if

  B.however

  C.whether

  D.unless

 

 

  14、一Cars moved very slowly in the l920’s.

  一Yes,but they_________move more quickly than 1910.

  A.were to

  B.did

  C.will

  D.can

 

 

  15、Mandela was_________first President elected in_________South Africa.

  A.a,the

  B.the,/

  C.a,/

  D.the,the

 

 

  16、 Hardly________a good job without putting his best foot forward at his job interview.

  A.ever Jim gets

  B.ever has Jim get

  C.ever Jim may get

  D.ever does Jim get

 

 

  17、 Anyone who wants to can call any timepiece a clock,but technically speaking,only_________0ne rings out the time actually deserves the name.

  A.whenever

  B.whatever

  C.whichever

  D.wherever

 

 

  18、 If you_________see Mr.Jim,you give him my regards.

  A.would

  B.shall

  C.should

  D.will

 

 

  19、 He’S working hard for fear that he_________.

  A.should fall behind

  B.fell behind

  C.may fall behind

  D.would fall behind

 

 

  20、 _________earlier,I might have done that in a totally different way.

  A.I have been told

  B.I were told

  C.Had l been told

  D.Had I told

 

  三、Cloze(30 points)

  21、根据短文,回答21-40题。

  Most of you graduating today will be employees all your working life,working for some.body else and for a paycheck.And SO will most,___21___ not all,of the thousands of other youngAmericans graduating this year in all the other school and colleges across the country.

  ___22___has become a society of employees.A hundred years or so ago only one 23 everyfive Americans all work was employed,i.e.,worked for somebody,else.Today only 20%of A.mericans are not employed but working for themselves.And ___24___ fifty years a90“being em—ployed”meant___25___as a factory laborer or as a farm hand,the employee of today is increasing—ly a middle-class person with a ___26___ formal education,holding a professional or managementjob requiting___27___and technical skills.___28___,two things have characterized American socie.ty during these last fifty years:the middle and upper classes have become employees;and middle—class and___29___employees have been the fastest growing groups in our working population.grow-ing SO fast that the industrial worker,that ___30___ child of the Industrial Revolution.has beenlosing in numerical importance ___31___the expansion of industrial production.

  This is one of the most profound social changes any country ___32___.It is,however,a per-haps ___33___ 9reater change for the individual young man___34___to start.Whatever he does,inau____35__,he will do it as an employee;wherever he aims,he will have to try to reach it___36___being an employee.

  As an employee you work with and through other people.This means that your success asan employee will ___37___ 0n your ability to communicate with people and to present your ownthoughts and ideas to them ___38___ they will both understand what you are driving ___39___ and.be persuaded.The letter,the report or memorandum(记录),the ___40___ spoken“presentation”to a committee are basic tools of the employee.

  第21题答案为:

  A.but

  B.if

  C.nearly

  D.fortunately

 

 

  22、第22题答案为:

  A.Ours

  B.Mine

  C.Our

  D.It

 

 

  23、第23题答案为:

  A.except

  B.of

  C.out of

  D.among

 

 

  24、第24题答案为:

  A.when

  B.where

  C.what

  D.wherever

 

 

  25、第25题答案为:

  A.to work

  B.working

  C.to working

  D.work

 

 

  26、第26题答案为:

  A.substantial

  B.material

  C.substantive

  D.important

 

 

  27、第27题答案为:

  A.mechanical

  B.liberal

  C.practical

  D.intellectual

 

 

  28、第28题答案为:

  A.Therefore

  B.Instead

  C.Indeed

  D.After all

 

 

  29、第29题答案为:

  A.upper—class

  B.lower.class

  C.low-class

  D.the rest

 

 

  30、第30题答案为:

  A.old

  B.older

  C.oldest

  D.Small

  31、第31题答案为:

  A.despite

  B.spite

  C.due to

  D.in case of

 

 

  32、第32题答案为:

  A.has undergone

  B.undergoes

  C.underwent

  D.had undergon

 

 

  33、第33题答案为:

  A.more

  B.even

  C.little

  D.a lot

 

 

  34、第34题答案为:

  A.able

  B.immediately

  C.about

  D.off

 

 

  35、第35题答案为:

  A.likeliness

  B.likelihood

  C.likableness

  D.pmbableness

 

 

  36、第36题答案为:

  A.on

  B.in

  C.through

  D.as

 

 

  37、第37题答案为:

  A.focus

  B.spend

  C.expend

  D.depend

 

 

  38、第38题答案为:

  A.in order

  B.in case

  C.so that

  D.therefbre

 

 

  39、第39题答案为:

  A.to

  B.at

  C.in

  D.from

 

 

  40、第40题答案为:

  A.ten—minute

  B.ten minutes

  C.ten minute

  D.ten-minutes

 

  四、Reading Comprehension(60 points)

  41、根据下列短文,回答41-60题。

  The cars,trucks,and campers cause many problems.The cars make too much noise.People cannot hear each other talk.The best view of Yosemite Fails is from the parking lot.The new plan is to keep most ears out of the park.Some people come only for one day.They will have to leave their cars outside the park.They will have to ride buses into the park.Some people have reservations at hotels or campgrounds at Yosemite.They can bring in theirCars,but they will have to leave them in the parking lot.

  The new plan will include removing some roads.It will include removing bridges over the fiver.It will include making new paths for hiking and biking.

  Floods last year hurt in the park in many ways.Congress wants the people who Inn Yosemite to fix up the park.But Congress does not want Yosemite like it was before the floods.They want to be better.

  Some people make arrengements at_______or campgrounds at Yosemite.

  A.hotels

  B.restaurants

  C.parking lots

  D.apartments near the park

 

 

  42、 People______might not like the changes.

  A.in Congress

  B.who like driving

  C.who like cycling

  D.who like camping

 

 

  43、 How might the park be different after the changes?

  A.It will be more quiet.

  B.There will be less people.

  C.There will be no cars at all.

  D.Everybody will have to talk around the park.

 

 

  44、 Which of the following might be the best title for the passage?

  A.Floods—Destroyed Park.

  B.Changes in the Park.

  C.Yosemite Car Ban.

  D.No Cars.

 

 

  45、根据下列短文,回答45-64题。

  To understand the marketing concept,it is only necessary to understand the difference be—tween marketing and selling.Not too many years ago,most industries concentrated primarily onthe efficient production of goods,and then relied on“Persuasive salesmanship”to move asmuch of these goods as possible.Such production and selling focuses on the needs of the sellerto produce goods and then convert them into money.

  Marketing,On the other hand,focuses on the wants of consumers.It begins with first analy zing the preferences and demands of consumers and then producing goods that will satisfythem.This eye on the consumer approach is known as the marketing concept,which sireplymeans that instead of trying to sell whatever is easiest to produce or:buy for resale,the makersand dealers first try to.find out what the consumer wants to buy and then go aleIout making it ac-cording to consumer demand.

  This concept does not imply that consumer satisfaction is given priority over profit in a como pany.There are always two sides to every business activity-the finn and the customer-and,each must be satisfied before bade OCCURS.Successful merchants and producers,however,recog-nize that the surest route to profit is through understanding customers.This concept has been rec-ognized in such slogalls as“Have It Your Way.”And“You're the Boss.”A good example of theinlpoltaJlce of satisfying the consumer presented it self in mid一1985,when Coca Cola changed theflavor of its drink.The non-acceptahoe of the new flavor by a significant potion of the pubhebrought about a quick restoration of the Classic Coke,which Was then marketed alongside the newKing Customer ruled!

  A good knowledge of the difference between marketing and selling leads to________.

  A.the efficient production of goods

  B.a perfect command of salesmanship

  C.a basic command of the marketing concept

  D.the conversion of goods into money

 

 

  46、 Not too long ago,industries focused on________.

  A.producing and selling goods

  B.the needs and wants of customers

  C.the selling of new products

  D.moving goods to the market

 

 

  47、 The very core of marketing lies in________.

  A.all understanding of consumer needs

  B.the efficient movement of goods

  C.developing new wants for consumer goods

  D.making goods readily available to customers

 

 

  48、 A successful business deal can take place only when________.

  A.priority is given to the requirements of the customer

  B.the customer is satisfied at the expense of the company

  C.a company makes a big profit

  D.consumer satisfaction and company profit

 

 

  49、根据下列短文,回答49-68题。

  If women are mercilessly exploited(剥削)year after year,they are only themselves to blame.Because they tremble at the thought of being seen in public in clothes that are out offashion,thev are always taken advantage of by the designers and the big stores.Clothes whichhaye been wom only a few times have to be put aside because of the change of fashion.Whenyou come to think of it。only a woman is capable of standing in front of a wardrobe(衣柜)Dacked full of clothes and announcing sadly that she has nothing to wear.

  Changing fashions are nothing more than the intentional creation of waste.Many womenspend vast sums of money each year to replace clothes that have hardly been worn.Women whocannot afford to throw away clothing in this way,waste hours of their time altering the dresses they have.Skirts are lengthened or shortened;necklines are lowered or raised,and so on.

  No one can claim’that the fashion industry contributes anything realb important to society.Fashion desihners are rarely concerned with vital things like warmth,comfort and durability(耐用).They are only interested in outward appearance and they take advantage of the fact thatwomen will put up with any amount of discomfort,as long as they look right.There can hardlybe a man who hasn't at some time in his life smiled at the sight of a woman shaking in a thindress on a winter day,delicately picking her way through deep snow in high—heeled shoes.

  When comparing men and women in the matter of fashion the conclusions—to be drawn areobvious.Do the constantly changing fashion of women’s clothes,one wonders,reflect basic quali-ties of inconstancv and instability?Men are too clever to let themselves be treated by fashion de-signers.Do their unchanging styles of dress reflect basic qualities of stabilihy and feasibility?That's for you to decide.

  Designers and big stores always make money_________.

  A.bv mercilessly exploiting women workers in the clothing industry

  B.because they are capable of predicting new fashions

  C.by constantly changing the fashion in women’s clothing

  D.because they attach great importance to quality in women’s clothing

 

 

  50、 To the writer,the fact that women alter their old-fashion dress is seen as_________.

  A.a waste of money

  B.a waste of time

  C.an exDression of taste

  D.an expression of creativity

  51、 The writer would be less critical if fashion designers placed more stress on the _________of clothing.

  A.cost

  B.appearance

  C.comfort

  D.suitability

 

 

  52、 According to the passage,which of the following statements is TRUE?

  A.New fashions in clothing arC created for the commercial exploitation of womem.

  B.The consrant changes in women’s clothing reflect their strength of character.

  C.The fashion industry makes an important contribution to society.

  D.Fashion designers should not be encouraged since they are only welcomed by women.

 

 

  53、根据下列短文,回答53-72题。

  Climate.more than any other single factor,determines the distribution of life on earth.Cli-matic boundaries establish the limits which organisms can survive.Plants,even more than ani-mals.must be well adapted to climate in order to survive.They cannot move about or take shel-ter but must be equipped to endure whatever weather conditions are likely to Occur.In the harsh conditions of the tundra,for example,low growing mosses,lichens,and a few flowering plants allhug the ground for shelter from icy winds.

  Animals,despite their ability to move about and find shelter,are just as much influenced by climate as plants are.Creatures such as the camel and the penguin are so highly specializedthat they have an extremely limited distribution。Others,such as bears are flexible"enough to a.dapt to a broad range of climates.Oceandwelling organisms are just as sensitive to climaticchanges--in this case temperature and salinity--as land animals.Reef corals can survive onlyin clear warm seawater.Certain foraminifers are so sensitive to changes in their environmentthat their presence can be taken as an index of sea temperature.Human beings are among theleast specialized of all animals and can live almost anywhere.Their clothes and their homes actas a sort of“miniature climate”that Can be taken with them everywhere.

  According to the passage,plants on the tundra grow in the ground_________.

  A.to avoid being eaten by arctic animals

  B.because fertilizer is not readily available

  C.to minimize exposure to the cold

  D.because unfrozen water supplies are very scarce

 

 

  54、 According to the passage,which of the following Can be found in areas with quite different climatic conditions on Earth?

  A.Reef corals.

  B.Penguins.

  C.Bears.

  D.Camels.

 

 

  55、 It can be inferred from the passage that foraminifers are a_________.

  A.kind of weather pattern

  B.form of sea life

  C.species of tundra plant

  D.type of miniature penguin

 

 

  56、 According to the passage,human beings can survive almost everywhere on earth because_________.

  A.they have developed advanced forms of transportation

  B.they have learned how to process sea water for drinking

  C.their body temperature can vary considerably

  D.their shelters and clothes help them to adapt themselves to the environment

 

 

  57、根据下列短文,回答57-76题。

  Exercise,everyone advises!But immediately,when you try,you run into trouble.Thereis so much contradictory,sometimes in correct advice about exercising that become confused.Test yourself on the following true-false quiz.It tell you what you need to know.

  1.To lose weight you should always“work up a good sweat”when exercising.

  False.Sweating only lowers body temperature to prevent overheating;it does not help you reduce weight.You may weigh less immediately after a Workout,but this is due to water loss.Once you replace the liquid,you replace the weight.

  2.You bum more calories jogging one mile than walking the same distance.

  False.You use,the 8aRle amount of energy whether you walk or jog the mile,since inboth cases you are moving the sanle weight the 8anle distance.The speed doesn’t matter.ofcourse,if you jog rather than walk for 30 minutes,you'll cover more distance,and thereforeburn more calories.

  3.If your breathing doesn’t return to normal within minutes after you finish exercising,you've exercised too much.

  True.Five minutes or so after exercising,your breathing should be normal,your heartshouldn’t pounding,and you shouldn't exhausted.Beneficial exercise is not too difficult,un-pleasant,and exhausting;it is enjoyable and refreshing.

  4.Walking is one of the best exercises.

  True.Walking helps circulation of blood throughout the body,and thus has a direct effect on your overall feeling of health.

  The underlined phrase work up in Quiz 1 means_________.

  A.relieve

  B.develop

  C.lose

  D.waste

 

 

  58、 This article explains_________.

  A.the digiculties of exercising

  B.why exercising is good for your health

  C.important information to know about exercising

  D.why people have some wrong ideas about exercising

 

 

  59、 Which of the following statements is true about Quiz 2?

  A.You use more energy if you walk rather than jog for the same amount of time.

  B.You use more energy if you jog rather than walk the flalne distance.

  C.You use the same amount of energy whether you jog or walk the sanle distance.

  D.You usd the same amount of energy whether you jog or walk for the same amount oftime.

 

 

  60、 The author believes_________.

  A.walking is better than jogging

  B.working up a good sweat is the best way

  C.walking is one best exercise

  D.over—exercising is the best way

 

  五、Daily Conversation(15 points)

  61、根据答案与题目,回答61-65题。

  A. What should I do?

  B. B:Yes,he is.

  C:Where is the hospital?

  D:Thank you,mom.

  E:What was wrong with him?

  F:I'm sorry to hear that.

  G:Where have you been?

  H:Were you sick?

  A:Jim,you said you would not stay out late after school,didn't you?B:Yes,mom,I did.

  A:But it's 10 0'clock now. ____61___

  B:Sorry.I've been to the hospital.A:What? __62__

  B:N0.I sent Jack to the hospital.A:Oh,really? __63__

  B:He had a terrible headache on the way home.A:Is he better now?

  B:__64__

  A:Good for you,my dear!I'm very glad you can help others.B:__65__

 

  六、Writing(25 points)

  66、Directions:

  For this part,you are allowed 20 minutes to write a short composition of about100—120 words on the title:Advertisements.Base your composition on the outline givenbelow in Chinese:

  1.随着经济的发展,越来越多的人涌向城市。

  2.但是存在一些问题。

  3.要解决这些问题,政府必须采取行动。

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