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2018年成人高考英语备考题第十一篇

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导读:2018年成人高考英语备考题第十一篇。

  一、语音知识

  1、

  A.sweat

  B.cheap

  C.treat

  D.leap

 

  2、

  A.funny

  B.only

  C.July

  D.lucky

 

  3、

  A.arch

  B.school

  C.chore

  D.chocolme

 

 

  4、

  A.pays

  B.plays

  C.stays

  D.says

 

 

  5、

  A.fountain

  B.obtain

  C.contain

  D.Maintain

  二、词汇与语法知识

  6、Either of_________is quite capable of the work.

  A.gird

  B.the girl

  C.girls

  D.the gifts

 

 

  7、 One of the professor's greatest attributes is_________.

  A.when he gives lectures

  B.how in the manner that helectures

  C.the way to give lectures

  D.his ability to lecture

 

 

  8、 He had gone away on business and would notreturn to the hotel until the next day—should have to wait till_________I couldthank him for the present.

  A.afterwards

  B.then before

  C.then

  D.then therefore

 

 

  9、 whicn of thesetrains is the one_________goes to Nanjing?

  A.that

  B.of which

  C.of these

  D.which

 

 

  10、 Adams nOW maintains that it is lessimportant to save the nation to a perilous future.

  A.had alerted them

  B.from alerting it

  C.as to alert them

  D.than to alert it

 

 

  11、 Tom qualified_________all engineer beforeattending a business school.

  A.like

  B.as

  C.with

  D.to

 

 

  12、 AU those youngesters willbecome_________in ten years.

  A.growns-ups

  B.growns-up

  C.grown-up

  D.grown.ups

 

 

  13、 The bedroom is in perfect condition,_________a few scratches on the wall.

  A.except for

  B.excepting

  C.except

  D.except that

 

 

  14、 This book will show you_________can beused in other contexts.

  A.how you have observed

  B.how what you have observed

  C.that you have observed

  D.how that you have observed

 

 

  15、 Read the book carefully_________you willfind lots of data you need.

  A.and

  B.so

  C.or

  D.if

 

 

  16、 I used to smoke_________,but I gave it up three years ago.

  A.severely

  B.heavily

  C.strongly

  D.seriously

 

 

  17、 Don’t shout in the meeting room,_________?

  A.should you

  B.will you

  C.can you

  D.could you

 

 

  18、 As soon as you sat down,you fell asleep.I realized how_________.

  A.tired you were

  B.were you tire

  C.you were tired

  D.tired were you

 

 

  19、 You can’t believe that he wasa_________model when he Was young.

  A.tall handsome fashion

  B.fashion tall handsome

  C.tall fashion handsome

  D.handsome fashion tall

 

 

  20、 He always tells lies though he_________honest.

  A.seems

  B.looks

  C.feels

  D.Appears

  三、Cloze(30 points)

  21、回答21-35题:

  The cost is going ___21___ for just about everything,and college tuition is no exception.Ac—cordingto a nationwide survey ___22___ by the College Board’s Scholarship Service, ___23___ atmost American universities will be ___24___ 0f 9 percent higher this year overlast.

  The biggest increase will occur at privatecolleges.Pubhccolleges,heavily subsidized bytax funds,will also ___25___ theirtuition,but the increase will be a few percentagepoints___26___ than their privately sponsored neighbors.

  ___27___ a follow-up,the United Press international did their ownstudy ___28___ Massachus-setts Instituteof Technology.At M.I.T.advisors recommended ___29___ students have$8,900___30___for one year'sexpenses,including$5,300___31___ tuition,$2,685 forroom and___32___ ,$630 for personal expenses,and$285 for booksand supplies.Ten years ago thetuition ___33___ 0nly$2,150.T0 ___34___ that another way,the cost has climbed l50 percent inthe last ___35___ .

 

  A.down

  B.up

  C.away

  D.off

 

 

  22、

  A.published

  B.declared

  C.written

  D.quoted

 

 

  23、

  A.expense

  B.tuition

  C.pay

  D.fine

 

 

  24、

  A.at this rate

  B.above all

  C.on an average

  D.by way of

 

 

  25、

  A.decrease

  B.reduce

  C.lower

  D.increase

 

 

  26、

  A.higher

  B.lower

  C.1arger

  D.smaller

 

 

  27、

  A.As

  B.For

  C.From

  D.By

 

 

  28、

  A.at

  B.for

  C.profitable

  D.as

 

 

  29、

  A.what

  B.which

  C.that

  D.it

 

 

  30、

  A.responsible

  B.avoidable

  C.profitable

  D.available

 

 

  31、

  A.of

  B.in

  C.to

  D.for

 

 

  32、

  A.dining

  B.fare

  C.clothing

  D.board

 

 

  33、

  A.are

  B.Was

  C.is

  D.were

 

 

  34、

  A.read

  B.write

  C.put

  D.illustrate

 

 

  35、

  A.year

  B.week

  C.decade

  D.Month

  四、Reading Comprehension(60 points)

  36、阅读文章,回答36-55题:

  You ask how to start a business?Here is anexample.

  David Dawson,a serious mountain climber,was dissatisfied with soft iron pitons(锥锤),the only ones he was able to buy.They lastedjust one or two climbs,and Dawson wanted toreplace themwith“chrome—molys”(铬铝合金),whichwere harder,stronger and longer-last—ing.Some climbers made them for limited distribution among friends,but they were not com—mercially available.SoDawson started Dawson Equipment Ltd.,a purveyor(承办商)0fclimbing equipment,as a one—manenterprise in Burbank,California,in 1958.He had noplan,no management experience and no advertising.Heworked in a shed using a hand forgepurchased with$800 0f capital borrowed fromhis mother.

  WhatDawson did have was a knowledge of the kind of equipment that he needed inhisown climbs,anda sense that serious climbers would follow his lead.CurrentlyDawson Equip—ment is thriving and produces over 200 products.

  Business opportunities are mere than ampletoday for the simple reason that many consumersare dissatisfied.Dawson’s business startedfrom his being a customer not liking what he bought.Isuspect that your business will begin that way t00.Youknow what you want to replace,im—prove or change.So begin where the tool breaks,the serviceslips or the shoe pinches.

  Dawson was dissatisfied with soft ironpitons because_________.

  A.they were made of iron

  B.they coul not last long

  C.they were the only pitonshe could afford to buy

  D.they were too soft to bearthe climber's weight

 

 

  37、 Dawson’s example shows that a businessstarts_________.

  A.when you have climbed somemountains

  B.after you have climbedsome muntains

  C.with the knowledge of what is needed

  D.with a moment of sudden realization of inspiration

 

 

  38、 Which of the following statements is true?

  A.Never start a business if customers are dissatisfied.

  B.Customers’ dissatisfaction means you can start a business to satisfy them.

  C.There are less opportunities today to start a business because customers are always dissatisfied.

  D.There are many opportunities today to start a business with a simple reason.

 

 

  39、 “I suspect that your business will startthat way too.”in the last paragraph means

  A.I doubt you will start a business in the sameway

  B.I don’t believe yourbusiness will succeed if you start that way

  C.I think it is likely youstart a business that way

  D.I have no idea if you willstart a business that way

 

  40、阅读文章,回答40-59题:

  Americans and Arabs ale different in theirspace habits.Arabsprefer close contact.Dr.Hallhas explained that the Arabs belong to a touch Culture and in conversation;they alwaysenvelop the other person.Theyhold his hand,look into his eyes,and bathe him in theirbreath.

  Dr.Hall’S interest in man’suse of space developed in the early nineteen fifties when hewas Director of thePoint Four training program at the Foreign Service Institute.In talking withAmericans who had lived overseas,he found that many of them had been highly uncomfortablebecause ofculture differences.Such discomfort is usually referredto as culture shock.

  The problem is that,relatively speakin9;Americans live in a no contact.Partly,this is aproduct of our puritan heritage(清教徒文化遗产).Dr.Hall points outthat we spend yearsteaching our children not to crowd in and lean on us.And in situations where we ourselves areforced to stand close toanother person on crowded subways,for example,we turn our eyes a—way,and if actual bodycontact is involved,tense the muscles on the contactside.Most of USfeel very stronsty that this is the onlyproper way to behave.

  When the Arabs talk to you,they_________.

  A.try to be as close to youas possible

  B.keep a certain space fromyou

  C.hold you tightly

  D.do not allow you to feeltheir breath

 

 

  41、From the information in paragraph 3,it is obvious that_________.

  A.the American,way is theonly right way to behave

  B.the puritan heritage stressesnoncom tact culture

  C.American children are morepolite than those in other countries

  D.American peopleusually cannot make themselves understood

 

 

  42、 When you line up to wait for your turn inthe United States,you should_______

  your frontneighbor.

  A.stick to

  B.lean on

  C.keep a certain distance from

  D.stay far away from

 

 

  43、 Which of the following statements is NOT mentioned in the passage?

  A.People from different cultures handle space in different ways.

  B.Many of the American who had lived overseas were bothered by culture differences.

  C.Misunderstandings often develop between Americans and Arabs in social contacts.

  D.Dr.Hall is interested in culture differences.especiallyman’s use of space.

 

  44、阅读文章,回答44-63题:

  We spend our leisure hours efficiently for higher production,live by the clock even when time does not matter,modernize our homes and speed the machinery of living in order thatwecan go to the most places and do the most things in the shortest period of time possible.We tryto eat,sleep,and talk efficiently.Even on holidays andSundays,the efficient man relaxes on timetable with one eye on the clock and the other on an appointment sheet.

  To squeeze the most out of each shining hour we have shortened the opera,quickened the pace of the movie and put culture in pocket—sizedpackages.We make the busy bee look like alazy creature,the ant like a sluggard.We livesixty-mile—minute and the great efficiencysmiles.

  We wish we could return to that pleasant day when we considered time a friend instead ofan enemy;when we did things willingly and because we wanted to,rather than because our timetable called for it,But that of course would notbe efficiency;and we Americans must beefficient.

  The phrase that best expresses the mainidea of this passage is________.

  A.how to make the best useof leisure time

  B.planning our timescientifically

  C.the modern pace

  D.our interest in shortenedoperas

 

 

  45、 According to the passage,which of the following is a necessity?

  A.Shortened operaperformances.

  B.Quickened paces of movies.

  C.Speeded-up work efficiency.

  D.Working on holidays.

  46、 The passage tells US that_________.

  A.Americans are forced to beefficient against their will

  B.Americans should do whatthey are wiHing to do

  C.people ought not to workSO hard for efficiency

  D.Americans are at a losswhat to do

 

 

  47、 The“pleasant day”to which the author refers was the period-when we_________.

  A.did not feel guilty aboutwasting time

  B.were able to act of ourown free will

  C.seemed to have better weather

  D.did not have SO manyenemies

 

  48、阅读文章,回答48-67题:

  People are used to speaking their nativelanguage,SOimmigrants are having many problembetween the first generation and the secondgeneration because they don’t have the same nativelanguage.Also,the second generation is losing theiridentity.Especially in America,therearemany immigrants that came from different countries to succeed in the States.Because they suf-fer in lots of areas such as getting a job andtrying to speak English,they want their children tospeakEnglish,not only at school,butalso at home in order to be more successful.Becauseofthis situation,their children are losing their ethnicidentity.

  For example,my aunt,who has beenliving in Chicago for twenty—five years,hasthreechildren and they were all born in the States.Theeighteen—year old daughter speaks English asa native language and she speaksKorean very well t00. She has no problems talking with herparents,"butshe still doesn’t understand Korean jokes,and there aresometimes misunderstand-ings.The second daughter isfourteen years old,and she doesn’t want to speak Korean.Myaunt often gets upset with her because she is very Americanizedand they cannot understandeach other.Even when my auntpunishes her,this daughter does not understand what myauntis talking about.The third child is a twelve—yearold son.He speaks English to his parents andmy auntspeaks Korean to him as she does to the second daughter.He also has a problem com’municating with his parents.My aunt is trying to teach him to speak both languages,but it isvery hard for him because he speaks English all day anddoes not understand why he should learnto speak Korean.

  We must realize that language is importantand valuable for many reasons.Immigrantsshould make an effort to make their children understandtheir heritage by teaching them the parents’language.This is very important,not only for the harmony of the family.butalso inhelping the second generation establish their identity.

  What do you think this article is about?

  A.Learning a second language.

  B.Immigrants who become sickin the U.S..

  C.Schools attended byimmigrants to the U.S..

  D.Language and its effect onthe identity of immigrants.

 

 

  49、 To whom does the mother speak Korean?

  A.Her+oldest daughter only.

  B.Her two daughters only.

  C.AU of her children.

  D.Only to her son.

 

 

  50、 Why did the author's aunt try to teachher children to speak Korean?

  A.To help her improve herKorean language skills.

  B.To help them establish aKorean identity.

  C.To help them succeed inthe U.S.

  D.To help them find a goodjob.

 

 

  51、 Based on the passage,the phrase“your identity”means________.

  A.your home

  B.your dignity

  C.who you are

  D.where you are from

 

  52、阅读文章,回答52-71题:

  As my train wasn’t due to leave for another hour,I had plenty of time to spare.After buy.ingsome newspapers to read on the journey,I made my way tothe luggage office to collect theheavy suitcase I had left there three days before.There were only a few people waiting,and Itook out my wallet to find the receipt for my ease.The receipt didn’t seem to be where I hadleft it.I emptied the contents of the wallet,andrailway—tickets,money,scraps ofpaper,andphotographs fell out of it;but no matter how hard I searched.the receipt was nowhere to befound.

  When my turn canle,I explained the situationsorrowfully to the assistant.The man looked at mesuspiciously as if to say that he had heard this type of story many times andaskedme to describe the came.I told him that it Was anold,brown—looking object,nodifferent fromthe many cases I Could see on tlle shelVes. The assistant tllengaVe me a form and told me to。make a list of the chiefcontents of the case.If they were correct,he said,I could take theca$e away.I tried to remember all the articles I had hurriedly packed andwrote them down asthey came to me.

  After Ihad done this,Iwent to look among the shelves.There were hundreds ofcasesthere and for one dreadful moment.it occurred tome that if someone had picked the receiptup,he couldhave easily claimed the case already.This hadn’thappened fortunately,for aftera time I found the caselying on its side high up in a comer.After examiningthe articles in—side,the assistant Was soon satisfiedthat it was mine and told me I could take the case away.Again I took out my wallet:this time to pay.I pulled out ten-shilling note and the“lost”re—ceipt slipped outwith it.I couldn’t help blushing and looked up at theassistant.He was nod—ding his head knowingly,as if to say that he had often seen this happen before too!

  The writer had plenty of time to spare ashis train_______.

  A.was leaving later thanscheduled

  B.was not leaving foranother hour

  C.was not scheduled to leave

  D.was delayed for somereason

 

 

  53、 When the writer explained his situation,the assistant_______.

  A.responded quickly sayingit was a lie

  B.believed him

  C.gave a suspicious look asmuch as to say he had heard such stories before

  D.just took his story as ajoke

 

 

  54、 What dreadful idea occurred to thewriter?

  A.The receipt had beenstolen by someone.

  B.someone had taken away thecase.

  C.He could not claim hiscase without the receipt.

  D.He had left his receipt athome.

 

 

  55、 The case_______.

  A.lay fight on one side of ashelf

  B.was right behind as oldbrown-looking case

  C.was between two highshelves

  D.was among the hundreds ofcases

  五、Daily Conversation(15 points)

  56、回答56-60题:

  A.How about it

  B.She didn know

  C.get the money for you

  D.we didn't haye it

  E.it's a size 40

  F.it's wrong color

  G.get a right one for you

  H.What’s the matter with it

  John:Hi,Miss,call I return this shia?

  Saleswoman: 56__________ 41?

  John:It’s the wrong size.I wear size 42.but ____57___.

  Saleswoman:I remember nOW.Your wife bought it yesterday.

  Shewanted size 41.but___58___ .She then took the smaller size.

  John: ___59___ that I now wear size 42.

  Saleswoman:We don’t have a size 42,either.Ok,I'll____60____.

  56、__________

  57、__________

  58、__________

  59、__________

   60、__________

  六、Writing(25 points)

  61、This part is to test your ability to do practical writing.You are required to write a notice according to the following information given in Chinese below.

  学院学生会为来访的美国朋友举办一场晚会,请你用英语写一篇海报。要点如下:事由:欢迎来访的美国朋友

  组织者:学生会

  时间:10月11日(星期六)晚7:30地点:教学楼305室

  活动内容:

  音乐跳舞唱歌游戏交换礼品Words for reference:

  交换礼品exchange of gifts

  学生会the Student Union

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