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2018年成人高考英语备考题第十四篇

更新时间:2017-12-31 来自:广州成考网 广州成考网:资讯更全面,成考更专业

导读:2018年成人高考英语备考题。

一、语音知识

1、

A.window

B.wild

C.wrinkle

D.why

 

2、

A.view

B.flew

C.few

D.new

 

 

3、

A.session

B.decision

C.comprehension

D.expression

 

 

4、

A.occupy

B.city

C.fly

D.satisfy

 

 

5、

A.flute

B.suppose

C.autumn

D.Difficulty

 

二、词汇与语法知识

6、You would like the window open,__________?

A.will you

B.would you

C.Won’t you

D.wouldn’t you

 

 

7、 That's the best speech__________.

A.I never heard

B.IDidn’t hear

C.I used to hear

D.I've ever heard

 

 

8、 I think he hardly makes spelling mistakes,__________?

A.does he

B.doesn’t he

C.do I

D.don’t I

 

 

9、 _________I knew him better,IDiscovered that my impression had been fight.

A.Which

B.As

C.Until

D.Unless

 

 

10、 The heavy snow could not keep US_________going out to work.

A.on

B.up

C.upon

D.from

 

 

11、 They found the lecture hard_________.

A.to be understood

B.to understand

C.for understanding

D.to have been understood

 

 

12、 I learned how to_________a bicycle when I was six years old.

A.drive

B.ride

C.pull

D.draw

 

 

13、 It_________the village where we spent our holidays last summer.

A.reminds me of

B.reminds me to

C.remembers me of

D.remembers me to

 

 

14、 I as well as all your classmates_________ready to help you.

A.am

B.ale

C.to be

D.Call

 

 

15、 He is so shy that he_________speaks in the public.

A.often

B.frequently

C.seldom

D.sometimes

 

 

16、 It isn’t quite_________that he will he present at the meeting.

A.certain

B.sure

C.right

D.exact

 

 

17、 He told her nothing,_________upset her.

A.about which

B.which

C.that

D.for which

 

 

18、 It's too expensive for me.I Call’t_________it.

A.spend

B.cost

C.pay

D.afford

 

 

19、 Would you like me_________the radio a bit?

A.turningDown

B.to turnDown

C.turnDown

D.turnedDown

 

 

20、 “I saw Mary in the library yesterday?”

“You_________her,she is still in hospital.”

A.can’t have seen

B.mustn’t have seen

C.could not see

三、Cloze(30 points)

21、根据以下内容,回答21-35题。

Canada is the second largest country in the world in area,although its ___21___ is onlysome ___25___ million.most ___22___ in a 200.mile strip ___23___ the southern border.Over ___25___ per-cent of the ___24___ number live in the three main cities.The northern areas of the country arealmost uninhabited ___25___ for isolated settlements.

Canada is ___26___ a rich country,and its national ___27___ per capita is the fifth highest inthe world.but its economy in recent years has been rather___28___,because of the varied na-ture of what itDoes.

Over the last three years,the Canadian economy has been hard___29___by falling oilprices and by rising US interest ___30___.This has ___31___ to a steep fall in industrial production by as much as a fifth since 1981.Some ___32___ now think Canada is on the ___33___ torecovery,though more cautions spirits say that no ___34___ can be expected until there is a___35___to lower interest rates in the USA.

 

A.people

B.residents

C.population

D.number

 

 

22、

A.residing

B.1iving

C.stay

D.inhabit

 

 

23、

A.down

B.along

C.beside

D.near

 

 

24、

A.absolute

B.total

C.all

D.complete

 

 

25、

A.except

B.but

C.only

D.besides

 

 

26、

A.fundamental

B.widely

C.overall

D.basically

 

 

27、

A.product

B.resource

C.production

D.manufactures

 

 

28、

A.seedy

B.patchy

C.spotty

D.scratchy

 

 

29、

A.influence

B.hit

C.pushed

D.hammered

 

 

30、

A.jobs

B.founds

C.rates

D.industries

 

 

31、

A.caused

B.moved

C.amounted

D.led

 

 

32、

A.economists

B.scholars

C.Canadians

D.scientists

 

 

33、

A.1ine

B.period

C.time

D.road

 

 

34、

A.uplift

B.cheer

C.future

D.improvement

 

 

35、

A.tendencv

B.shift

C.1ift

D.Hike

四、Reading Comprehension(60 points)

36、根据下列材料回答36-55 题。

Passage One

The phoenix was one of the most magnificent birds that ever lived.Unfortunately for birdwatchers,the grand phoenix lived only in the imaginations of the ancient Greeks and Egyp.tians.

According to Greek mythology,only one phoenix at a time lived on etLrth.The phoenix,amale,was brightly colored,with gold and red feathers.Legend has it that the single bird livedfor exactly 500 years.Just before it was toDie,it would build a nest.The mythical bird,s lasttask was to sit patiently on the nest,waiting for the sun to start theDry twigs burning and setthe nest ablaze.But as the proud phoenix sacrificed itself in flame,a tiny worm would crawlfrom beneath the ashes.This worm grew into a new phoenix.Its first task Was to gather up itsfather's ashes and bury them in the temple of the Egyptian sun god in Heliopolis,the City ofthe Sun.Each reborn phoenix lived out the remainder of its life in Arabia.

Today,the phoenix symbolizes immortality.Also,someone who succeeds where he or she had previously failed is often referred to as a phoenix.

This passageDiscusses an ancient_________.

A.king

B.kyth

C.kairy tale

D.kod

 

 

37、 Most of a phoenix’s life was supposedly spent in_________.

A.Greece

B.Egypt

C.Heliopolis

D.Arabia

 

 

38、 Someone who is called a phoenix today _________.

A.has come back from aDefeat

B.is probably immortal

C.thinks he or she can live forever

D.Is not well liked by colleagues

 

 

39、 The life of the phoenix isDescribed_________.

A.with the use of facts

B.in a humorous way

C.in all unclear way

D.step-by-step

 

 

40、根据下列材料回答40-59 题。

Passage Two

Although no one is certain why migration occurs,there are several theories.One theory isbased upon the premise that prehistoric birds of the northen Hemisphere were forced southDur-ing the Ice Age,when glaciers covered large parts of Europe,Asia,and North America.As theglaciers melted,the birds came back to their homelands,spent the summer,and then went southagain as the ice advanced in winter.In time,the migration became a habit,and now,althoughthe glaciers haveDisappeared,the habit continues.

Another theory proposes that the ancestral home of all modem birds was the tropics.Whenthe region became overpopulated,many species were crowded north.During the summer,therewas plenty of food,but During the winter,scarcity forced them to retum to the tropics.

A more recent theory,known as photoperiodism,suggests a relationship between increasingday light and the stimulation of certain glands in the birds’bodies that may prepare them for mi—gration.One scientist has been able to cause midwinter migrations by exposing birds to artificialperiods of Daylight.He has concluded that changes occur in the bodies of birdsDue to seasonalchanges in the length of Day light.

According to one theory,when the glaciers Disappeared,birds_________.

A.stopped migrating

B.continued migrating

C.began migrating again

D.migrated south and stay there

 

 

41、 The author states that birds left the tropics because_________.

A.there Was not enough food there in the winter

B.there were too many birds

C.there were too many glaciers

D.there was too muchDaylight

 

 

42、 WhyDid one scientist expose birds to artificialDaylight?

A.To test the relationship betweenDaylight and aDisease of the glands common tobords

B.To test the relationship betweenDaylight and migration.

C.To test the relationship between migration and temperature.

D.To test the relationship betweenDaylight and changes in the season.

 

 

43、 According to the theory of photoperiodism,_________.

A.birds should migrate in the middle of the winter

B.longerDays cause changes in the bodies of birds

C.seasonal changes in the length ofDaysDo not affect migration

D.increasing Daylight increases the Distance of migration

 

 

44、根据下列材料回答44-63 题。

Passage Three

It is 2 a.m.You took too long over Dinner,the coast is still a couple of hundred kilometersaway and it is essential to get that early morning ferry.And your car radiator pipe has split.Attimes like that,theDocuments making up your insurance kit lying in the front of your ear seemuseless.The nearest phone was passed three kilometers back,and it would be reasonable to ex.pect someDelay in getting breakdown assistance when you have finally phoned through.

If on the other hand,you've got a spare in the car,five minutes'work should 8ee you on your wayagain.The majority of breakdownsDo involve minor and easily changed parts.A few basic tools and theright mix of spal'es are well worth the space they take up.But to sort out which ones are most likely tobe needed,and to buy them,咖be expensive.

That is why the motoring organizations have come up with rental kits.For about 50 pence aday(slightly more to non-members)they will supply a boxed range of spares for a given car.     Onreturning the kit the motorist pays for any that are used,plus a small fee for repacking.Depositsare about£20.

It is much better,however,to reduce the risk of breakdowns by seeing that your car is prop—erly serviced before setting out.Particularly whenDriving at high speed over longDistances in hotweather.

Finally,it makes sense to purchase a safety triangle and an emergency plastic windscreen before leaving.Make sure all your fellow travellers know where yourDocuments are;give one aspare set of keys,and slip into the back of your wallet a large banknote for the emergencies where a credit card won’tDo.

In order to avoidDisaster it would be wise_________.

A.to spend five minutes checking the car before you leave

B.to carry some emergency spares with you

C.to buy a cheap set of spares before leaving

D.to prevent all breakdowns from happening

 

 

45、 While on a motoring holiday abroad you might find yourself inDifficulties because

A.you have brought the wrongDocuments with you

B.your ferry has just left without you

C.the nearest phone is out of order

D.a repair to your car might take some time

46、 Motoring organizations,are now offering motorists_________.

A.a chance to rent a Car cheaply

B.a selection of parts which may be needed

C.a box which fits nearly into most car

D.aDiscount for becoming members

 

 

47、 Nevertheless,motorists themselves call try to prevent problems from arising by

A.driving shortDistances in hot weather

B.having their car insured for£20

C.driving slowly at all times

D.making sure their car is in good woa,ing order

 

 

48、根据下列材料回答48-67 题。

Passage Four

Why is there no risk to the customer when a bank prints the customer’s name to his cheques?

Wenn yone opens a cuITent account at a bank,he is lending the bank money,repay.ment of which he mayDemand at any time,either in cash or byDrawing a check in favor of an-other person. Primarily,the bank—customer relationship is that ofDebtor and creditor-who iswhichDepending on whether the customer's account is in credit or overdrawn.But.in additionto that basically simple concept,the bank and its customer owe a large number of obligations toone another.Many of these obligations Can give rise to problems and complications but a bankcustomer,unlike,say,a buyer of goods,cannot complain that th.e law is loaded against him.The bank must obey its cUStomer's instructions,and not those of anyone else.When, forexample,a customer first opens an account,he instructs the bank toDebit(把……记入借方)his aecount only in respect of ehecksDrawn by himself.He gives the bank specimens of his819nature,and there is a very firm rule that the bank has no right or authority to pay out acustomer’s money on a check on which its customer's signature has been forged.It makes nodifference that the fbrgery may haye been a very skillful one:the bank must recogllize itscustomer's signature.For this reason there is no risk to the customer in the practice,adoptedday banks,of printing the customer's name on his checks.If this facilitates forgery,it is thebank which will lose,not the customer.

When you have a bank account,you_________.

A.must always be in credit

B.Can’t draw any money if you’re overdrawn

C.can draw money without notice

D.Can’t pay money to anyone else

 

 

49、 One of the obligations a bank has to a customer_________.

A.is that it Can’t take instructions from other people

B.is that it can avoid complications and problems

C.it must pay money to the customer even if he is seriously overdrawn

D.it must print the customer's signature

 

 

50、 The underlined part“the law is loaded against him”in the second paragraph ismost likely to mean_________.

A.the law is not of his interest

B.the law is unfavorable to him

C.the law is not in favor ofhim

D.tlle law is not in his honor

 

 

51、 If someone forged your signature andDrew money from your account_________.

A.the bank would always pay money to the forger

B.the bank wouldn’t lose any money

C.you wouldn’t lose any money

D.you wouldn’t lose your money

 

 

52、根据下列材料回答52-71 题。Passage Five

Some years ago industries had more freedom than they have now,and theyDid not need tobe as careful as they must today.TheyDid not need to worry a lot about the safety of the newproducts that theyDeveloped.TheyDid not have to pay much attention to the health and safetyof the people who worked for them.Often new products wereDangerous for the people who usedthem;often conditions in the work place had very bad effects on the health of the workers.

Of course sometimes there were realDisasters which attracted the attention of governmentsand which showed need for changes.Also scientists who wereDoing research into the health ofworkers sometimes produced information which governments could not ignore.At such times,there were inquiries into the causes of theDisaster or the problems.New safety rules were oftenintroduced as a resuIt of these inquiries;however,the new rule;came too late to protect thepeople whoDied or who became seriously ill.

Today many governments have specialDepartments which protect customers and workers.In the U.S.,for example,there is aDepartment which tests new airplanes and gives warningsabout possible problems.It also makes the rules that aircraft producers must follow.AnotherDe—partment controls the foods andDrugs that companiessell.A thirdDepartment looks at theplaces where people work,and then reports any companies that are breaking laws which protectthe health and safety of workers.Of course,new governmentDepartments and new laws cannotprevent every accident or illness,but they are having some good results.Our work places aresafer and cleaner than before.The planes and cars which we use for travel are better.Producersare thinking more about the safety and health of the people who buy and use their products

The main topic of the passage is_________.

A.conditions in the work place

B.the freedom of industries in the past

C.changes in industrial production

D.the safety and health of workers and customers

 

 

53、 It can be inferred from the passage that in the past._________

A.workers often got ill because of the poor working conditions

B.companies were free to put out any products they wanted to

C.many people were killed by theDangerous products

D.industries were not as careful in management as they are today

 

 

54、 It is implied in the passage that_________.

A.governments and companies hadDifferent opinions about the safety of products

B.governments paid little attention to the safety of products

C.government officials oftenDid not listen to scientists

D.in the past no safety laws were introduced by governments

 

 

55、 Some years ago safety rules_________.

A.were put forwardDue to scientists’recommendations

B.came into being as a result of the workers’demand

C.were introduced because quite a number of people were kiHed or seriously in-jured

D.were effective enough to protect workers and customers

五、Daily Conversation(15 points)

56、A:Hi,Fang Fang.You were not at school yesterday.____56___

B:Oh, I had a headache and I had to ask for a sick leave.

A:Sorry to hear that.____57___

B:Yes. My mother took me to the hospital.The doctor looked me over and said I had caught a cold.

A: _____58_____

B:Yes,a little.TheDoctor told me to take the medicine three times a day and drink

more water.

A: ____59____

B:Yes,much better.

A:____60_____

B:I will.Thanks a lot.

_______

A.Was it serious?

B.Did you see theDoctor?

C.Are you feeling better now?

D.How are you?

E.Take more exercise and keep heMthy.

F.What was the matter?

G.I miss you so much.

H.You are so strong.

57、 _______

A.Was it serious?

B.Did you see theDoctor?

C.Are you feeling better now?

D.How are you?

E.Take more exercise and keep heMthy.

F.What was the matter?

G.I miss you so much.

H.You are so strong.

58、 _______

A.Was it serious?

B.Did you see theDoctor?

C.Are you feeling better now?

D.How are you?

E.Take more exercise and keep heMthy.

F.What was the matter?

G.I miss you so much.

H.You are so strong.

59、 _______

A.Was it serious?

B.Did you see theDoctor?

C.Are you feeling better now?

D.How are you?

E.Take more exercise and keep heMthy.

F.What was the matter?

G.I miss you so much.

H.You are so strong.

60、 _______

A.Was it serious?

B.Did you see theDoctor?

C.Are you feeling better now?

D.How are you?

E.Take more exercise and keep heMthy.

F.What was the matter?

G.I miss you so much.

H.You are so strong.

六、Writing(25 points)

61、外语系打算举行一次茶话会(tea party),庆祝程教授从事英语教学30周年(anni.versary).茶话会定于下周五即6月20日7时举行。请你写信邀请Brown教授参加,并以愉快的心情盼望他的光临。

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