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2018年成人高考英语备考题第十五篇

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导读:2018年成人高考英语备考题。

一、语音知识

1、Directions:In each of the following groups of words,there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A,B,C andD.Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that isDifferent from the others in pronunciation.Mark your answer byblackening the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET I.

( )

A.kick

B.resist

C.silver

D.Aprll

成人高考英语备考题

2、 ( )

A.dove

B.gold

C.nose

D.told

 

 

3、 ( )

A.approximate

B.boxing

C.complex

D.exact

 

 

4、 ( )

A.cup

B.mud

C.just

D.tune

 

 

5、 ( )

A.measure

B.sure

C.treasure

D.Pleasure

二、词汇与语法知识

6、Directions:There are l5 incomplete sentences in this section.For each sentencethere are four choices marked A,B,C andD.Choose one answer mat best completes thesentence and blacken the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET I.

( )All that Call beDone__________.

A.have beenDone

B.haveDone

C.has beenDone

D.hasDone

 

 

7、( )I know nothing about him__________he is a teacher.

A.besides

B.in addition

C.except that

D.except for

 

 

8、( )You never told US why you were late for the party,__________?

A.weren't you

B.didn’t you

C.had you

D.did you

 

 

9、( )I've been taking English lessons for 3 months but I__________haven’t made much progress.

A.always

B.yet

C.still

D.already

 

 

10、( )We’veDone once but failed.We’ll have toDo it__________time.

A.a second

B.the second

C.the twice

D.twice

 

 

11、( )Of the two toys,the child chose__________.

A.the less expensive one

B.one most expensive

C.a least expensive

D.the most expensive of them

 

 

12、( )Don’t leave your luggage in the corridor.It’u be__________.

A.in

B.by

C.on

D.to

 

 

13、( )“What’S your opinion of our teacher's new painting?”

“It would seem to me that it's__________his usual standard.”

A.beyond

B.below

C.beside

 

D.before

 

 

14、( )Don’t__________your books on the floor.

A.lie

B.1ay

C.laid

D.1ain

 

 

15、( )Have another cup of coffee,__________?

A.won’t you

B.will you

C.have you

D.haven’t you

 

 

16、( )She showed him the photo she__________theDay before.

A.has taken

B.took

C.Was taking

D.had taken

 

 

17、( )He Was a good swimmer,80 he__________swim to the river bank when the boat

sank.

A.could

B.might

C.succeeded to

D.was able to

 

 

18、( )Both Tom and Mary__________the exam.

A.has passed

B.have past

C.have passed

D.had passed

 

 

19、( )TheDoor was__________and I could not see who she was talking t0.

A.shut

B.shutted

C.shutting

D.being shut

 

 

20、( )Mary,along with her parents,__________to Paris.

A.have moved

B.has moved

C.are moving

D.have been moving

Cloze(30 points)

21、根据下列材料回答21-35 题。

Directions:For each blank in the following passage,there axe four choices markedA,B,C andD.Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your anwer by blacken-ing the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET I.

During the Olympic Games,people from all over the world come together in peace andfriendship.The first Olympic Games that we have ___21___ 0f were in Greece in 776 8.C.Thegames lasted oneDay.The only ___22___ in the first thirteen Olympic Games Was a lace.Menran the length of the stadium.In 1896 the games were 23 again in Athens,Greece.TheGreeks___24___ a new stadium for the competition.3 11___25___ from thirteen countries ___26___in many events.The ___27___Became national heroes.After 1896,the games were held every four years During the summer in Different cities around the ___28___.In 1908,in London,England,the first gold____29___were given to winning athletes.The Olympic Winter Games___30___in 1924 in Chamonix.France.Athletes competed in ___31___ events such as skiin9,ice skating and ice hockey.Today the Winter Games take place ___32___ four years.Until recently,Olym-pie competitors could not be 33 athletes.AU of the athletes in the Olympic Games wereamateurs.Today, ___34___,many of the Olympic athletes are professionals who play their sports35 moneyDuring the year.Some people Disagree with this idea.

( )

A.books

B.history

C.records

D.publications

 

 

22、 ( )

A.event

B.activities

C.sport

D.play

 

 

23、 ( )

A.held

B.took

C.set

D.planed

 

 

24、 ( )

A.made

B.buih

C.did

D.started

 

 

25、( )

A.people

B.persons

C.teams

D.athletes

 

 

26、 ( )

A.fought

B.against

C.lasted

D.competed

 

 

27、 ( )

A.failures

B.winners

C.athletes

D.players

 

 

28、 ( )

A.country

B.universe

C.world

D.area

 

 

29、 ( )

A.medals

B.price

C.money

D.title

 

 

30、 ( )

A.held

B.began

C.took

D.joined

 

 

31、 ( )

A.summer

B.spring

C.winter

D.fall

 

 

32、 ( )

A.any

B.other

C.between

D.every

 

 

33、 ( )33.

A.professional

B.amateur

C.special

D.ordinary

 

 

34、 ( )34.

A.whereas

B.however

C.whoever

D.whenever

 

 

35、 ( )35.

A.for

B.by

C.with

D.out of

 

四、Reading Comprehension(60 points)

36、根据下列材料回答36-55 题。

Directions:There are five reading passages in this part.Each passage is followed byfive questions.For each question there are four suggested answers marked A,B,C andD.Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET I.Passage One

 

 

成人教育

三、( )This ls a_________.

A.job advertising

B.business advertising

C.part time advertising

D.television advertising

 

 

37、 ( )Jack Anderson.Jack graduated from the University of Trent with aDegree in Eco— nomics two years ago.He would llke an academic position.Which position is bestfor him?

A.Teacher in kindergarten.

B.University position.

C.Secretary position.

D.Shop assistant.

 

 

38、( )Which might be the best for someone who needs an evening job?

A.Computer trained secretary.

B.Trainerin kindergarten.

C.Teaching assistant.

D.Shop assistant.

 

 

39、( )Clare who is retired wants to work part-time at the weekend,for further information she should___________.

A.call 302458567

B.visit Tommy's Kindergarten

C.contact the University of Cumbedand

D.apply in person at United Business Ltd

 

 

 

40、根据下列材料回答40-59 题。

When the TV viewer turns on his set,what sort of programsDoes he have to choose from?You might think there would be more programs Devoted to entertainment than to anything else,but that’s not the case.In most countries,fewer than 20%of broadcasting hours aleDevoted toentertainment.U.S. figures are high—34.8%,and the furdovig Canadians are even higherwith 44%.Except Canada and Italy,all countries save more broadcasting time to educationtllan to either information(news,documentaries and SO on)or entertainment programs. Of course.few educationM broadcasts take placeDuring peak viewing times.In Japan though,more than 60%of broadcasting time is taken up with education of one kind of another-justanother example of the businesslike Japanese philosophy.In the U.K.,the figure is 56.4%.The Italians have fewer educational programs than anyone else.They Don’t go in for entertain ment either.Only about ten percent of viewing time is Devoted to Dramas and serials,quizshows.music,sports,ete.You will find more news information programs Oil Italian TV thananything else.That,s understandable in a country experiencing social and political changes. Italian8 rely on TV to tell them what's going on—and events are happening almost too fast to fol1ow.The percentage of time the U.S.devoted to news and Documentary programs is much smaller.After education,most TV time is given to entertainment.Many of these programs are shown around the wodd.

( )More news information programs are broadcast on Italian TV than anywhere else because the Italians__________.

A.are interested in what is happening in the wodd

B.like to undergo social and political changes

C.prefer to learn news information on TV rather than in newspapers

D.exDect TV to tell them the latest news about what is going on in their country

 

 

41、( )Based on this passage,the percentage of TV broadcasting hoursDevoted to education is greatest in__________.

A.Japan

B.Italy

C.Canada

D.the United States

 

 

42、( )So far as tlle broadcasting hours Devoted to entertainment are concerned, ___________.

A.the U.S.figure is smaller than the U.K.figure

B.the U.K.figure is second to the Japanese figure

C.the Canadian figure is higher than that of any other country

D.the Japanese figure is the highest in the wodd

 

 

43、( )In the United States,___________.

A.Tv broadcasting hours Devoted to education are more than those Devoted to en-tertainment

B.educational programs are shownDuring peak viewing times

C.most of TV broadcasting hours are given to entertainment

D.TV programs are shown for world audience to watch

 

 

 

44、根据下列材料回答44-63 题。

Nursing at Beth Israel Hospital the best patient care possible.If we are to solve the nursing shortage,hospital administration and Doctors everywhere would Do well to follow Beth Israel’s example.

At Beth Israel each patient is assigned to a primary nurse who visits at length with the patient and constructs a full—scale health account that covers everything from his medical history to his emotional state.Then she writes a care plan centered on the patient’s illness but which alsoincludes everything else that is necessary.

The primary nurse stays with the patient through his hospitalization.keeping track with hisprogress and seeking further advice from his Doctor.If a patient at Beth larael is not responding to treatment.it is not uncommon for his nurse to propose another approach to his Doctor.What the Doctor at Beth Israel has in the primary nurse is a true colleague.

Nursing at Beth Israel also involves aDecentralized nursing administration;Every floor,every unit is a self-contained organization.There are nurse—managers instead of head nurse;inaddition to their medicalDuties theyDo all their own hiring andDismissin9,employee advising,and they make salary recommendations.Each unit’S nursesDecide among themselves who will work what shihs and when.

Beth Israel’s nurse—in—chief ranks as an equal with other vice presidents of the hospital.She also is a member of the Medical Executive Committee,which in most hospitals includeesonly Doctors.

( )Which of the following best characterizes the main feature of the nursing system at Beth Israel Hospital?

A.TheDoctor gets more active professional support from the primary nurse.

B.Each patient is taken care of by a primary nurse Day and night.

C.The primary nurse writes care plans for every patient.

D.The primary nurse keeps records of the patient's health conditions every Day.

 

 

45、( )It can be inferred from the passage that_________.

A.compared with other hospitals nurses at Beth Israel Hospital are more patient

B.in most hospitals patient care is inadequate from the professional point of view

C.in most hospitals nurses get low salaries

D.compared with other hospitals nurses have to work longer hours at Beth Israel Hospital.

46、( )A primary nurse can propose aDifferent approach of treatment when_________.

A.the present one is refused by the patient

B.the patient complains about the present one

C.the present one proves to be ineffective

D.the patient is found unwilling to cooperate

 

 

47、 ( )The mainDifference between a nurse—manager and a head nurse is that the former

A.is a member of the Medical Executive Committee of the hospital

B.has to arrange the work shifts of the unit's nurses

C.can makeDecisions concerning the medical treatment of a patient

D.has full responsibility in the administration of the unit’s nurses

 

 

 

48、根据下列材料回答48-67 题。

For some time past it has been widely accepted that babies and other creatures learn toDothings because certain acts lead to“rewards”;and there is no reason toDoubt that this is true.But it used also to be widely believed that effective rewards,at least in the early stages,had tobeDirectly related to such basic physiological“drives”as thirst or hunger.In other words,ababy would learn if he got food orDrink or some sort of physical comfort,not otherwise.

It is now clear that this is not so.Babies will learn to behave in ways that produce results in the world with no reward except the successful outcome.

Papousek began his studies by using milk in the normal way to“reward” the babies and soteach them to carty out some simple movements,such as turning the head to one side or theother.Then he noticed that a ba]by who had had enough to Drink would refuse the milk butwould still go on making the learned response with clear signs of pleasure.So he began to studythe children’s responses in situations where no milk Was provided.He quickly found that children as young as four months would learn to turn their heads to right or left if the movement “switched on”aDisplay of lights-and indeed that they were capable of learning quite complextul"11s to bring about this result.For instance,two left or two right,or even to make aus many asthree turns to one side.

Papousek’s light Display Was placedDirectly in front of the babies and he made the inter-esting observation that sometimes they would not turn back to watch the lights closely althoughthev would“smile and bubble”when theDisplay came on.Papousek concluded that it was notprimarily the sight of the lights which pleased them,it Was the Success they were achieving insolving the problem,in mastering the skin,and that there exists a fundamental human urge tomake sense of the world and bring it under intentional control.

( )According to the author, babies learn toDo things which__________.

A.areDirectly related to pleasure

B.will meet their physical needs

C.will bring them a feeling of Success

D.will satisfy their curiosity

 

 

49、( )Papusek noticed in his studies that baby_________.

A.would make learned responses when it saw the milk

B.would carry out learned movements when it had enough toDrink

C.would continue the simple movements without being given milk

D.would turn its head to right or left when it had enough toDrink

 

 

50、( )In Papusek’s experiment babies make learned movements of the head in order to _________.

A.have the lights turned on

B.be rewarded with milk

C.please their parents

D.be praised

 

 

51、( )The babies would“smile and bubble”at the lights because_________.

A.the lights wereDirectly related to some basic“drives”

B.the sight of the lights Was interesting

C.they need not turn back to watch the lights

D.they succeeded in“switching on”the lights

 

 

 

52、根据下列材料回答52-71 题。

Auctions(拍卖)are public sales of goods,conducted by an officially approved auctioneer.He asks the crowd assembled in the auction loom to make offers,or“bids”,for the variousitems on sale.He encourages buyers to bid higher figures,and finally names the highest bidderas the buyer of goods.This is called“knockingDown”the goods,for the bidding ends when theauctioneer bangs a small hammer on a table at which he stands,This is often set on a raisedplatform called a rostrum.

The ancient Romans probably invented sales by auction,and the English word comes fromthe Latin auction,meaning“increase”.The Romans usually sold in this way the spoils taken inWalt":these sales were called“subusta”,meaning“under the spear”,a spear being stuck in theground a8 a signal for a crowd to gather.In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries goods wereoften sold'by the candle',a short candle was lit by the auctioneer;and bids could be made whileit stayed alight.

An auction is usuallv advertised beforehand with full particulars of the articles to be soldand where and when they can be viewed by possible buyers.If the advertisement cannot givefullDetails.catalogues are printed,and each group of goods to be sold together,called a“lot”,is usually given a number.The auctioneer need not begin with lot l and continue in numericalorder;he may wait until he registers the fact that certain Dealers are in the room and then produce the lots they are likely to be interested in.The auctioneer's services are paid for in the form of a percentage of the price the goods are sold for.The auctioneer therefore has a Directinterest in pushing up the bidding as high as possible.

Practicaly all goods whose qualities vary are sold by auction.Among these are coffee,hi-der,skins,wool,tea,cocoa,furs,spices,fruit and vegetables and wines.Auction sales are alsousual for land and property,antique,furniture,pictures,rare books,old china,and similar works of art.The auction-rooms at Christie’s and Sotheby’S in London and New York are world famous.

( )Auctioned goods are sold_________.

A.at a price less than their true value

B.very cheaply

C.for the highest price offered

D.only at fixed prices

 

 

53、( )The Romans used to sell by auction_________.

A.spoilt goods

B.property taken from the enemy

C.old worn-out weapons

D.spears

 

 

54、( )The end of the bidding is called“knockingDown” because_________.

A.the auctioneer knocks the buyer Down

B.the auctioneer knocks the rostrum Down

C.the goods are knocked Down on to the table

D.the auctioneer bangs the table with a hammer

 

 

55、( )A candle used to burn at auction sales_________.

A.to keep the auctioneer warln

B.to limit the time when offers could be made

C.because they took place at night

D.as a signal for the crowd together

五、Daily Conversation(15 points)

56、回答56-60题:

Directions:Pick out the appropriate expressions from the eight choices below andcomplete the following Dialogues by blackening the corresponding letter on the AnswerSheet.

A.WhyDidn’t you go to the party last night?

B.That wash’tall that terrible.

C.What’S the temperature?

D.I will go with you.

E.What a pity.

F.That’S not cold.

G.IDon’t like winter.

H.You are so lucky.

Pat Alex(P)comes by to see Li Hong(L).They talk about the party last night and about the weather.

P:Hi,Li Hong.L:Hi,Pat. 56P:Because it was so cold and rainy.

L: ___57___! It Was a really good party.Hey,whyDon’t we go for a walk this afternoon.

Pat?

P:Go for a walk?But it's so cold out.L:Cold out? ___58___

P:About l3℃.

L:13℃? ___59___ .Just wait until winter.P:Why?

L:Well…it snows a lot and sometimes it’s very cold.Last winter it W88 7°C below zero for

three weeks.And it was windy too.

P:That sounds terrible!

L:___60___.The sun was out almost everyDay.

56、______

57、 ______

58、 ______ 

59、 ______

60、 ______

六、Writing(25 points)

61、Directions:

For this part,you are allowed 20 minutes to write a composition of about 100—120words according to the following topic:

提高听力(OnDeveloping Listening Ability)

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