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2018年成人高考英语备考题第十七篇

更新时间:2017-12-31 来自:广州成考网 广州成考网:资讯更全面,成考更专业

导读:2018年成人高考英语备考题。

一、语音知识

1、

A.agent

B.accent

C.accelerate

D.avenue

2、

A.destruction

B.graduation

C.question

D.intention

3、

A.size

B.prize

C.exist

D.plne

4、

A.familiar

B.crisis

C.daylight

D.decline

5、

A.they

B.think

C.that

D.There

二、词汇与语法知识

6、It’s the first turning__________the left after the traffic lights.

A.on

B.in

C.by

D.for

7、 __________of them knew about the plan because it was secret.

A.Some

B.Any

C.No one

D.None

8、 It’s very kind__________invite me to your birthday party.

A.from you to

B.of you to

C.by you to

D.that you

9、 I'm not leaving__________I get an apology from you.

A.so that

B.as long as

C.while

D.until

10、 I remember he’s written a book_________I've completely forgotten.

A.which name

B.the name which

C.the naIne of it

D.whose name

11、 _________,I should not have wasted my time trying to explaiil matters to you.

A.I had not realized what you intendec

B.Had I not realized what you intended

C.I had realized what you intended

D.Had I realized what you intended

12、 If only_________the violin in the middle of the night,she'd be an ideal guest.

A.didn’t play

B.wouldn't pIay

C.played

D.would play

13、 “Would you be_________do it for me,please?”

“Of course,with pleasure.”

A.kind enough

B.as kind to

C.SO kind as to

D.so kind to

14、 Karen is rich;_________her cousin Kate is Door.

A.therefore

B.otllerwise

C.however

D.afterwards

15、 That child is_________take care of himself.

A.enough old to

B.enough old

C.old enough

D.old 6nough to

16、 Our maths teacher is a mall whom everyone looks

A.up

B.up to

C.on

D.in

17、 He made a proposal that the problem_________at the meeting.

A.discuss

B.will be discussed

C.be discussed

D.wDuld be discussed

18、 He will get everything ready_________three days.

A.after

B.for

C.in

D.since

19、 That job is quite difficult.I can understand why you have_________so maIly problems.

A.run for

B.run over

C.iMn off

D.nnl into

20、 The boy showed complete_________of his parents,advice.

A.disregard

B.ignorance

C.neglect

D.Avoidance

三、Cloze(30 points)

21、Students will need ___21___ all of their language skills in order ___22___ understand the read—ing selections in Reader's Choice.The book contains many types of selection on a wide varietyof topics.These selections provide practice ___23___ using different reading strategies to extractthe message of the writer.They also give students practice in four ___24___ reading skiUs:skim-ming,scanning,reading for___25___comprehension,and critical reading.

Skimming is quick reading for the general ideas of a passage.This kind of rapid reading is___26___ when you are trying to decide if careful reading is desirable or when there is not time toread something carefully.

Like skimming,___27___is also quick reading.However,in this case the search is more___28___.To scan is to read 29 in order to locate specific information,when you read to find a particulardate,or number you are scanning.

Reading for thorough comprehension is ___30___ reading in order to understand the totalmeaning of the passage. ___31___ this level of comprehension the rea(ter is able to summarize theauthor’s ideas but has not ___32___ made a critical evaluation of those ideas.

Critical reading demands that a reader ___33___ iudgments about what he or she reads.Thiskind of reading requires posting and ___34___ questions such as“Does my own experience sup—port ___35___ 0f the author?”,“Do I share the author's point of view? ”and“Am I convinced bythe author's arrangements and evidence?”

根据以上内容,回答21-35题。

A.used

B.using

C.to use

D.use

22、

A.that

B.to

C.for

D.of

23、

A.on

B.in

C.with

D.by

24、

A.basis

B.base

C.basic

D.habit

25、

A.better

B.thorough

C.basic

D.general

26、

A.appreciate

B.appointed

C.approved

D.appropriate

27、

A.scanning

B.skimming

C.thorough reading

D.critical reading

28、

A.focused

B.focus

C.focusing

D.focuses

29、

A.carefully

B.slowly

C.quickly

D.casually

30、

A.careful

B.slow

C.fast

D.appropriate

31、

A.At

B.To

C.On

D.In

32、

A.still

B.yet

C.again

D.already

33、

A.make

B.makes

C.to make

D.making

34、

A.to answer

B.answers

C.answering

D.answered

35、

A.what

B.it

C.that

D.Which

四、Reading Comprehension(60 points)

36、There has been a boom in“karaoke”in Japan.Many people,no matter what their age orgender,go there often to enjoy singing out loud,to seek relief from daily stress or just for fun.The“kara”of kara-oke means“empty”.while the“oke’’is a Japanese abbreviation of theEnglish word,“0rchestra.”These two words coming together mean an orchestra without a sinG—er,karaoke systems ate widespread in many countries nowadays.“karaoke bars’’are wellknown by Americans,but actuany we have few karaoke bars in Japan.What we call“karaokebox”is more popular in Japan.

To relish karaoke is not difficult at all.All you have to do is to find some friends to gowith you.After you have settled into the room and gotten something to eat or drink,you are al-ready to sing.You look up one of the songbooks and choose a song you wish to sing in two dif-ferent ways:either by the singer's name or title of the song.Then enter the code numbers ofthe song into the remote contr01.Soon your music will start.Some karaoke sets even have avoice change system.You can change your voice from a woman’s to a man’s,or a man’s to awoman’s.This is very interesting.But the important thing here is you should listen to otherpeople singing at the sanle time.Usually people like to have audiences,and you want them tolisten to you while you are singing,too.You can feel like a real singer if you have someone tolisten to you,and that’s what people like when doing karaoke.

Since you will have your own room and there will be no unfamiliar people watching you,you will feel more comfortable singing in a karaoke box than singing in front of many people,like in karaoke bars.You Call spend the time in a more relaxed atmosphere,which is more en.joyable.

Once you have experienced karaoke,you might want to go again and again,though somepeople would not like singing in front of people even if they were friends or family.But you can still have a jot of.fun there,even if you don't sing.We make jokes and we talk as if we were athome.I personally like karaoke very much.I like singing and I have so much fun every time I go.I thilnk we are seeking a way to express ourselves to people whom ,we like.

根据以上内容,回答36-55题。

In Japanese,the word“Karaoke”come from“kara”and“oke.”What do these words mean?

A.Sing and together.

B.Sing and have fun.

C.Orchestra and singer.

D.Empty and Orchestra.

37、 What does the writer say is the important tlling to do to enjoy karaoke?

A.Enter the code number.

B.Choose many different types of music.

C.Listen to others singing so everyone has an audience.

D.Change your voice from a woman to a man or vice—versa.

38、 What is the advantage of a Japanese Karaoke box over a Karaoke bar?

A.There are no unfamiliar people watching you so you won't feel nervous.

B.It is more technologically advanced.

C.The employees are friendlier.

D.The food is better.

39、 How would you describe the writer's attitude toward Karaoke?

A.She often goes,and likes it sometimes and sometimes not.

B.She thinks it is not only fun,but stress relieving as well.

C.She has:not tried it herself SO has no attitude about it.

D.She feels it is a,waste of time.

40、As you are students of English,it's very possible that you’ll be interested in England.

That's where the language was first spoken.But England is often called by other nalTles.This often Confuses people.and l wonder if you know what these natnes mean.So,now Iwould like to tell you about mis matter of names.I believe that you.have heard people use thenames England,Britain or Great Britain.Let's see what each of these names means.

If you look at a map of Europe.you’11 see a group of islands-one larger island off thenorthwest coast,one smaller and many tiny ones.These make up what is called the British Isles(不列颠群岛).The largest island of the British Isles is Britain.It is also called Great Brit—ain.The smaller island is keland(爱尔兰).

Britain is divided into three parts:Scotland,Wales and England.But sometimes the Word“England”is used instead of“Britain”.Why so?

In ancient times,what is Britain now used to be three different countries,People in these different countries spoke different language.Over many years the three countries became one.England is the largest and richest of the three and it has the most people.So the English people take it for granted that their own name stands for the whole island.

There’s another thing that confuses people:sometimes you may hear people say"the Untied Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland"。That is official name of the country.Northern Ireland is only one sixth of the island of Ireland.The rest of the island is an independent state ,called the Republic of Ireland.So we have the names of"England","Britain", "Great Britain",and"the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland". Now do you know what each of them means?

根据以上内容,回答40-59题。

English was first spoken in__________.

A. Britain

B.England

C.Great Britain

D.Ireland

41、 According to the passage,which of the following statements is true?

A.Wales is the richest of the three.

B.Scotland is the largest of the three.

C.Sometimes English is used instead of:Britain.

D.Britain is the only name of the largest island of British Isles.

42、 The United Kingdon of Great Britain and.Northern Ireland is__________.

A.part of Britain

B.part of.British Isles

C.the official name of the whole country England

D.the largest country of all mentioned in the passage

43、 Wich of the following is an independent country?

A.Wales

B.Scotland

C.Northern Ireland

D.The Republic of Ireland

44、Space is a dangerous place,not only because of meteors but also because of rays from the sun and other stars.The atmosphere again acts as our protective blanket on earth.Light gets through,and this is essential for plants to make the food which we eat.Heat,too,makes our environment endurable.Various kinds of rays come through the air from outer space,but enormous quantities of radiation:from the sun are screened off.As soon as men leave the atmosphere they are exposed to this radiation but their spacesuits or the walls of their spacecraft。if they are inside,do prevent a lot of radiation damage.

Radiation is the greatest known danger to explorers in space.The unit of radiation is called “rem”.Scientists have reason to think that a man can put up with far more radiation than 0.1ream without being damaged;the figure of 60 reins has been agreed on.The trouble is that it isextremely difficult to be sure about radiation damage--a person may feel perfectly well,but theCells of his or her sex organs may be damaged,and this will not be discovered until the birth ofdeformed(畸形的)children or even grandchildren.Missions of the Apollo flights have had tocross belts of high radiation and,during the outward and return joumeys,the Apollo crew ac—cumulated a large amount of reams.So far,no dangerous amounts of radiation have been repor-ted,but the Apollo missions have been quite short.We simply do not know yet how men aregoing to get on when they spend weeks and months outside the protection of the atmosphere,working in a space laboratory.Drugs might help to decrease the damage done by radiation,butno really effective ones have been found so far.

根据以上内容,回答44-63题。

According to the first paragraph,the atmosphere is essential to man in that_________.

A.it supplies the heat necessary for human survival

B.it provides sufficient light for plant growth

C.it protects him against the harmful rays from space

D.it screens off the falling meteors

45、 We know from the passage that________.

A.the effect of exposure to radiation is slow in coming

B.exposure to even tiny amounts of radiation is fatal

C.radiation is avoidable in space exploration

D.astronauts in spacesuits needn’t worry about radiation damage

46、 The harm radiation has done to the Apollo crew members________.

A.is insignificant

B.is enormous

C.seems overestimated

D.remains unknown

47、 It can be inferred from the passage that________.

A.astronauts will have deformed children of grandchildren

B.radiation is not a threat to well protection space explorers

C.the Apollo mission was very successful

D.protection from space radiation is no easy job

48、The agricultural revolution in the nineteenth century involved two things:the invention oflabor-saving machinery and the development of scientific agriculture.Labor.saving machinerynaturally appeared first where labor was SCarCe.“In Europe”,said Thomas Jefferson,“the ob.ject is to make the most of their land,labor being abundant;here it is to make the most of ourlabor,land being abundant.”It Was in America,therefore,that the great advances in nine-teenth-century agricultural machinery first came.At the opening of the century,with the excep-tion of a crude plow,farmers could have carried practically all of the existing agricultural imple-ments(农具)on their backs;by 1860,most of the machinery in use today had been designedin an early form.The most important of the early inventions was the iron plow.As early as 1790 Ch'arles Newbold of New Jersey had been working on the idea of a cast-iron plow and spent hisentire fortune in introducing his invention.The farmers,however,would have none of it,clai-ming that the iron poisoned the soil and made the weeds grow.Nevertheless,many people devot-ed their attention to the plow,until in 1869 James Oliver of South Bend,Indiana,turned out thefirst chilled—steel(冷淬钢)plow.

根据以上内容,回答48-67题。

What is the main topic of the passage?

A.The need for agricultural advances to help feed a growing population.

B.The development of safer machines demanded by the labor movement.

C.Machinery that contributed to the agricultural revolution.

D.New Jersey as a leader in the agricultural revolution.

49、 The expression“make the most of”in Line 4 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

A.Get the best yield from.

B.Raise the price of.

C.Exaggerate the worth of.

D.Earn a living on.

50、 What point is the author making by stating that farmers could carry nearly all their tools on their backs?

A.Farmers had few tools before the agricultural revolutions.

B.Americans were traditionally self-reliant.

C.Life on the farm was extremely difficult.

D.New tools were designed to the portable.

51、 Which of the following can be inferred from what Thomas Jefferson said?

A.Europe Was changing more quickly than America.

B.Europe had greater need of farm machinery than America did.

C.America was finally running out of good farmland.

D.There was a shortage of workers on American farms.

52、Even plants can run a fever,especially when they’re under attack by insects or disease.But unlike humans,plants Can have their temperature taken from 3,000 feet away—straightup.A decade ago,adapting the infrared(红外线)scanning technology developed for militarypurposes and other satellites,physicist Stephen Paley came up with a quick way to take thetemperature of crops to determine which ones are under stress.The goal was to let farmers pre-cisely target pesticide(杀虫剂)spraying rather than rain poison on a whole field,which in-variably includes plants that don’t have pest(害虫)problems.

Even better.Paley’s Remote Scanning Services Company could detect crop problems be-fore they became visible to the eye.Mounted on a plane flown at 3,000 feet at night,an infra-red scanner measured the heat emitted by crops.The data were transformed into a color-codemap showing where plants were running“fevers”.Farmers could then spot-spray,using 50 to70 percent less pesticide than they otherwise would.

The bad news is that Paley's company closed down in 1984,after only three years.Farm,ers resisted the new technology and long-term backers were hard to find.But with the renewedconcem about pesticides on produce,and refinements in infrared scanning,Paley hopes to getback into operation.Agriculture experts have no doubt the technology works.“This techniquecan be used on 75 percent of agricultural land in the United States",says George Oerther ofTexas A&M.Ray Jackson,who recently retired from the Department of Agricuhrue,thinks re-mote infrared crop scanning could be adopted by the end of the decade.But only if Paley findsthe financial backing which he failed to obtain 10 years ago.

根据以上内容,回答52-71题。

In order to apply pesticide spraying precisely,we call use infrared scanning to _________.

A.locate the problem areas

B.drew a color-coded map

C.measure the size of the affected area

D.estimate the damage to the crops

53、 Farmers can save a considerable amount of pesticide by_________.

A.transforming poisoned rain

B.consuhing infrared scanning experts

C.resorting to spot-spraying

D.detecting crop problems at an early date

54、 Plants will emit an increased amount of heat when they are_________

A.sprayed with pesticides

B.in pour physical condition

C.facing an infrared scanner

D.exposed to excessive sun rays

55、 The application of infrared scanning technolgy to agriculture met with some difficul-ties due to_________.

A.the lack of official support

B.its hi.gh cost

C.its failure to help increase production

D.the lack of financial support

五、Daily Conversation(15 points)

56、A.See you this evening

B.I've gotta run

C.See you again

D.won’t be back for supper

E.I'll go to the office

F.Take care

G.Don’t worry

H.I'll just take the subway

Gary:Dear,I have to go to the office early today.Can you take Sally to school?Ada:Sure.Want me to give you a ride?

Gary:N0,forget it. ____56____ .it’s very quick.I'll pick Sally up this afterrnoon.You can just come home after work.

Ada:Ok.Oh,I almost forgot.I probably 57.I've made an evening appointment

with Mr.Steven to talk about our next project.

Gary:Oh,I see.____58____.Hurry Sally up a little.She hasn't even had her breakfast yet.Ada:Ok. ____59____.Love you,honey.

Gary:I love you,too.____60____.

根据以上内容,回答56-60题。

56、__________.

57、 __________.

58、 __________.

59、 __________.

60、 __________.

六、Writing(25 points)

61、1.广告正走进人们的生活。

2.广告能提供我们大量的信息。

3.然而,广告不一定都真实。

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